Aircraft (11 - 20 of 340 items)
Next Generation Air Transportation System: Improved Risk Analysis Could Strengthen FAA's Global Interoperability Efforts
GAO-15-608: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 2015.
Aviation industry stakeholders GAO interviewed described various factors that may affect the interoperability of the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen)—a complex, long-term initiative to modernize the U.S. air-traffic management (ATM) system—with other countries' ATM modernization efforts. Interoperability allows different ATM systems and procedures to accept and use each othe...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: FAA Continues Progress toward Integration into the National Airspace
GAO-15-610: Published: Jul 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2015.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has progressed toward its goal of seamlessly integrating unmanned aerial system (UAS) flights into the national airspace. FAA has issued its UAS Comprehensive Plan and UAS Integration Roadmap , which provide broad plans for integration. However, according to FAA, it is working with MITRE to develop a foundation for an implementation plan; FAA then expects...
Aviation Safety: Proposals to Enhance Aircraft Tracking and Flight Data Recovery May Aid Accident Investigation, but Challenges Remain
GAO-15-443: Published: Apr 16, 2015. Publicly Released: May 18, 2015.
The crash of Air France Flight 447 (AF447) off the coast of Brazil in June 2009 and the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370) in the southern Indian Ocean in March 2014 highlight several challenges authorities may face in locating aircraft in distress and recovering flight recorders. First, oceanic surveillance is limited, and an aircraft's position may not be precisely known. For...
Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen
GAO-15-370: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.
As the agency transitions to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) faces cybersecurity challenges in at least three areas: (1) protecting air-traffic control (ATC) information systems, (2) protecting aircraft avionics used to operate and guide aircraft, and (3) clarifying cybersecurity roles and responsibilities among multiple FAA office...
Aviation Security: TSA Should Take Additional Action to Obtain Stakeholder Input when Modifying the Prohibited Items List
GAO-15-261: Published: Feb 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officials stated that TSA considers four factors when determining whether to make modifications to the Prohibited Items List (PIL), but the agency did not fully assess risk when considering its recent proposed PIL modifications, as GAO has previously recommended. TSA generally considers the following four factors when determining whether to modify the P...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: Efforts Made toward Integration into the National Airspace Continue, but Many Actions Still Required
GAO-15-254T: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has made progress toward implementing the requirements defined in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (the 2012 Act). As of December 2014, FAA had completed 9 of the 17 requirements in the 2012 Act. However, key requirements, such as the final rule for small unmanned aerial systems (UAS) operations, remain incomplete. FAA officials have indicated...
Aviation: Impact of Fuel Price Increases on the Aviation Industry
GAO-14-331: Published: Sep 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2014.
Commercial passenger airlines have taken a number of steps aimed at mitigating the financial impact of the increases in fuel prices since 2002, according to aviation associations and government officials. Some airlines restrained the growth of their domestic seat capacity, others have reconfigured their fleets to make them more fuel efficient, conducted flight and ground operations more efficientl...
Aviation Manufacturing: Status of FAA's Efforts to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency
GAO-14-829T: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Aircraft Certification Service (Aircraft Certification) is responsible for addressing the certification and approval process recommendations, and has made progress. Aircraft Certification is implementing and has set milestones for completing 14 initiatives, several of which were originally begun as part of earlier certification process improvement effort...
Aviation Safety: Additional Oversight Planning by FAA Could Enhance Safety Risk Management
GAO-14-516: Published: Jun 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Air Traffic Organization completed Safety Management System (SMS) implementation in 2010, and five other FAA organizations are implementing it now. SMS is an approach to collect and analyze safety data to identify hazards, manage risks, and take corrective action before an accident occurs. FAA's implementation activities include developing internal SMS g...
Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Airline Pilots
GAO-14-232: Published: Feb 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2014.
GAO found mixed evidence regarding the extent of a shortage of airline pilots, although regional airlines have reported difficulties finding sufficient numbers of qualified pilots over the past year. Specifically, looking at broad economic indicators, airline pilots have experienced a low unemployment rate—the most direct measure of a labor shortage; however, both employment and earnings have de...