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Transportation (41 - 50 of 3,295 items)
Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack
GAO-16-350: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2016.
Modern vehicles contain multiple interfaces—connections between the vehicle and external networks—that leave vehicle systems, including safety-critical systems, such as braking and steering, vulnerable to cyberattacks. Researchers have shown that these interfaces—if not properly secured—can be exploited through direct, physical access to a vehicle, as well as remotely through short-range a...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Unmanned Carrier-Based Aircraft System: Debate over System's Role Led to Focus on Aerial Refueling
GAO-16-389R: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
In 2015, the Department of Defense (DOD) conducted a review of its airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance portfolio and debated the primary role of the Navy Unmanned Carrier-Launched Airborne Surveillance and Strike (UCLASS) system. As a result, DOD restructured the UCLASS program in its fiscal year 2017 budget submission to create the Carrier Based Aerial Refueling System (CBARS)...
Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA's Oversight of Safety Defects
GAO-16-312: Published: Feb 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) faces several challenges in its oversight of vehicle safety defects and has initiated or proposed some actions to address them. Challenges include improving data collection and analysis, providing adequate guidance and standard business processes to the staff who identify and investigate potential vehicle defects, and keeping pace with new...
Aviation Forecasting: FAA Should Implement Additional Risk-Management Practices in Forecasting Aviation Activity
GAO-16-210: Published: Mar 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2016.
Both of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) annual activity forecasts—the National Aerospace Forecast (Aerospace) and airport-level Terminal Area Forecast (TAF)—have consistently overestimated aviation activity since 2004 and 2010, respectively, and have been less accurate the further out they forecast. For example, for Aerospace passenger enplanement forecasts made between fiscal year...
Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Enhanced Its Canine Program, but Opportunities May Exist to Reduce Costs
GAO-16-444T: Published: Mar 3, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has taken steps to enhance its National Explosives Detection Canine Team Program (NEDCTP) since GAO's 2013 report, but further opportunities exist for TSA to assess its canine program and potentially reduce costs.TSA Uses Data to Assess Canine Team Proficiency and Utilization: In January 2013, GAO reported that TSA needed to take actions to analyze...
Transportation Security: Status of GAO Recommendations on TSA's Security-Related Technology Acquisitions
GAO-16-176: Published: Feb 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has implemented 51 of the 58 recommendations GAO made from October 1, 2003, through July 31, 2015, to improve TSA's acquisition of security-related technology. GAO's recommendations generally directed TSA to develop a plan; conduct an analysis; or implement a program, policy, or procedure. For example, in Marc...
Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Address Transportation Security Acquisition Reform Act Requirements
GAO-16-285: Published: Feb 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has policies and procedures that generally address requirements of the December 2014 Transportation Security Acquisition Reform Act (TSARA). Specifically, TSA policy and procedures address TSARA requirements for justifying acquisitions, establishing baselines, managing inventory, and submitting plans, amo...
National Mediation Board: Progress Made on Some GAO Recommendations to Strengthen Operations, but Key Controls Continue to Be Needed
GAO-16-240: Published: Feb 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2016.
The National Mediation Board (NMB) has made some progress in addressing the seven recommendations GAO made in December 2013; however, additional actions are needed to fully implement those recommendations and strengthen operations (see table). Without full implementation, NMB lacks reasonable assurance that its limited resources are effectively targeted and may be missing opportunities to improve...
Federal Aviation Administration: Preliminary Observations of Potential Air Traffic Control Restructuring Transition Issues
GAO-16-386R: Published: Feb 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2016.
Based on our literature review and preliminary discussions with experts, several transition issues would need to be addressed if the U.S. air traffic control (ATC) system were to be restructured, including transition issues related to determining the funding and finance structure of the new entity, transferring assets, separating the safety regulator from the ATC entity, mitigating potential impac...