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Transportation (121 - 130 of 3,292 items)
Traffic Safety: Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective While Installed; Less Is Known about How to Increase Installation Rates
GAO-14-559: Published: Jun 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
Research GAO reviewed consistently indicated that when installed ignition “interlocks”—devices that prevent drivers from starting their cars if they have been drinking alcohol—effectively reduce the rate of re-arrest for driving while intoxicated (DWI) when installed. But once the devices are removed, DWI re-arrest rates return to pre-interlock rates. (Most studies use DWI arrest as a prox...
Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Taken Steps to Analyze Canine Team Data and Assess the Effectiveness of Passenger Screening Canines
GAO-14-695T: Published: Jun 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
In January 2013, GAO reported that the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) collected and used key canine program data in support of its National Explosives Detection Canine Team Program (NEDCTP), but could better analyze these data to identify program trends. For example, GAO found that in reviewing short notice assessments (covert tests), TSA did not analyze the results beyond the pass a...
Public Transportation: Federal Role Key to Rural and Tribal Transit
GAO-14-589: Published: Jun 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
The Federal Transit Administration's (FTA) Formula Grants for Rural Areas Program (rural transit program) is FTA's only dedicated grant program for rural and tribal transit. FTA apportions nearly all program funds to states. State transportation agencies then allocate funding to rural and tribal transit providers as sub-grantees. The remainder of program funds—$30 million annually—supports the...
Transportation Security Information Sharing: Results of GAO's Survey of Stakeholder Satisfaction with TSA Products and Mechanisms (GAO-14-488SP, June 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-14-506
GAO-14-488SP: Published: Jun 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
This e-supplement is a companion to our report entitled, Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholder Satisfaction Varies; TSA Could Take Additional Actions to Strengthen Efforts, GAO-14-506. This e-supplement presents the results of GAO's web-based survey of transportation stakeholders from the aviation, freight and passenger rail, highway, public transit (i.e., mass transit), and pip...
Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholder Satisfaction Varies; TSA Could Take Additional Actions to Strengthen Efforts
GAO-14-506: Published: Jun 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
Satisfaction with the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) security-related products and the mechanisms used to disseminate them varied by transportation mode, and TSA has not used the results of GAO's 2011 survey of stakeholders to identify the causes of information-sharing gaps or actions to address them. For example, in the survey conducted for this report, 59 percent of stakeholders...
Airport Funding: Aviation Industry Changes Affect Airport Development Costs and Financing
GAO-14-658T: Published: Jun 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2014.
Since 2007, economic pressures—including high fuel prices, the financial crisis, and the ensuing recession of 2007–2009—contributed to airline restructuring which has resulted in reductions in the number of commercial flights at airports, especially at medium- and smaller-sized airports. General aviation activity, which includes all forms of aviation except commercial and military, has also...
Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition
GAO-14-515: Published: Jun 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2014.
The U.S. passenger airline industry has returned to profitability following the recent economic recession. From 2007 through 2012, the industry generated approximately $21.7 billion in operating profits despite losing about $5.6 billion in 2008. U.S. airlines maintained approximately $13 billion in cash reserves in 2012. Growth in revenue has driven industry profits, aided by increased passenger t...
Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Better Address Port Cybersecurity
GAO-14-459: Published: Jun 5, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 5, 2014.
Actions taken by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and two of its component agencies, the U.S. Coast Guard and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as well as other federal agencies, to address cybersecurity in the maritime port environment have been limited.While the Coast Guard initiated a number of activities and coordinating strategies to improve physical security in specific po...
Public Transit: Length of Development Process, Cost Estimates, and Ridership Forecasts for Capital-Investment Grant Projects
GAO-14-472: Published: May 30, 2014. Publicly Released: May 30, 2014.
For the 32 New Starts, Small Starts, and Very Small Starts projects funded from 2005 to 2013 that GAO reviewed, the length of the development process varied substantially, from as little as 2 to as long as 14 years, based on GAO's analysis of data from the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and project-sponsors. GAO found that the development process took 3 to 14 years to complete for New Starts...
Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response
GAO-14-512: Published: May 28, 2014. Publicly Released: May 28, 2014.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) is in the process of allocating, obligating, and disbursing the $13 billion appropriated by the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013 (DRAA) for surface transportation relief. Most of the DRAA surface transportation funds—over $10 billion—were appropriated to the Federal Transit Administration's (FTA) new Public Transportation Emergency Relief Program...