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Transportation (31 - 40 of 3,295 items)
Highway Trust Fund: Administrative Expenses of the Federal Highway Administration
GAO-16-631R: Published: Jun 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2016.
GAO found that the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) functions funded by administrative monies from the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) include (1) general operating expenses (salaries and benefits, equipment, travel, and other expenses); (2) transfers to the Appalachian Regional Commission; and (3) specific programs consisting of the Disadvantaged Business Enterprise, Highway Use Tax Evasion, On-the...
Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges
GAO-16-765T: Published: Jun 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2016.
In 2015, GAO reported that during the last decade, U.S. commercial space launch companies conducted fewer orbital launches in total than companies in Russia or Europe, which are among their main foreign competitors. However, the U.S. commercial space launch industry has expanded recently. In 2015, U.S. companies conducted eight orbital launches, compared with none in 2011. In addition, in 2015, U...
Intelligent Transportation Systems: Survey of Transit Providers Serving Small Urban and Rural Areas (GAO-16-639SP, June 21, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-16-638
GAO-16-639SP: Published: Jun 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2016.
This is an e-supplement to GAO-16-638. It presents the results of GAO's survey of small urban and rural transit providers on their use of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). In order to learn about transit providers' use of ITS and perspectives on the costs, benefits, and challenges associated with ITS, we conducted a web-based survey by selecting a stratified random sample of 312 transit pr...
Intelligent Transportation Systems: Urban and Rural Transit Providers Reported Benefits but Face Deployment Challenges
GAO-16-638: Published: Jun 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2016.
Selected large and medium urban transit providers have deployed most Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies, such as automatic vehicle location (AVL) and electronic fare payment. Most of these providers reported sharing data collected from ITS with the public or regional transportation providers to enable technology innovations and improve regional planning. Large and medium urban t...
Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Improve Expedited Screening Effectiveness, but Improvements in Screener Oversight Are Needed
GAO-16-707T: Published: Jun 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has taken steps intended to improve the security effectiveness of expedited passenger screening since GAO reported on it in December 2014. These steps includeAdjusting the TSA Pre✓® Risk Assessment program algorithm used to assign passengers scores and identify low risk passengers;Limiting the use of Managed Inclusion to airports that employ cani...
Aviation Security: Airport Perimeter and Access Control Security Would Benefit from Risk Assessment and Strategy Updates
GAO-16-632: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has made progress in assessing the threat, vulnerability, and consequence components of risk to airport perimeter and access control security (airport security) since GAO last reported on the topic in 2009, such as developing its Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Perimeter and Access Control Security (Risk Asse...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy
GAO-16-582: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) deploys air marshals in part based on assessed risk, but could better incorporate risk in its deployment strategy. FAMS may deploy air marshals on flights with known risk—meaning certain higher risk flights where the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) or FAMS knows of an increase in the threat or consequence of a terrorist attack—as well as...
Rail Grant Oversight: Greater Adherence to Leading Practices Needed to Improve Grants Management
GAO-16-544: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) initially used a regional oversight and monitoring approach outlined in its Grants Management Manual (Grants Manual) to manage the grants funding the section 305 equipment procurement projects, but in the face of challenges that approach evolved to include additional project-level oversight. When FRA began awarding the grants for the section 305 equipmen...
Revolving Funds: Additional Pricing and Performance Information for FAA and Treasury Funds Could Enhance Agency Decisions on Shared Services
GAO-16-477: Published: May 10, 2016. Publicly Released: May 10, 2016.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have policies and procedures for effectively managing the Administrative Services Franchise Fund (ASFF) and the Treasury Franchise Fund (TFF)—the two revolving funds that GAO reviewed.FAA and Treasury Management of the Selected FundsClear roles and responsibilities The roles and responsibilities for managing...
Public Transit: Observations on Recent Changes to the Capital Investment Grant Program
GAO-16-495: Published: Apr 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2016.
The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has implemented most of the key changes the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Act (MAP-21) made to the Capital Investment Grant program, which helps fund investments in new public transit systems or extensions to existing systems. Projects funded under this program fall into different categories, depending on the total project's cost and the amount of f...