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Transportation (81 - 90 of 3,295 items)
Federal Vehicle Fleets: Leading Practices for Managing Fleet Operations
GAO-15-644T: Published: May 21, 2015. Publicly Released: May 21, 2015.
Effective fleet management relies on a complete and integrated fleet management information system, the use of life-cycle cost analysis, and appropriate decisions about fleet size and composition. Following these practices enhances agencies’ ability to make sound decisions about their fleets and assure that the fleets are meeting missions in the most cost-efficient manner possible. The Unite...
Airport Finance: Information on Funding Sources and Planned Capital Development
GAO-15-306: Published: Apr 28, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
From 2009 through 2013, national system airports had available an average of $10 billion annually for capital development from the following funding sources:airport-generated net income ($3.8 billion),federal Airport Improvement Program (AIP) grants ($3.3 billion),local passenger facility charges (PFC) ($1.8 billion),airport sponsor or owner capital contributions ($644 million), andstate grants ($...
Older Adults: Federal Strategy Needed to Help Ensure Efficient and Effective Delivery of Home and Community-Based Services and Supports
GAO-15-190: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
Five federal agencies within four departments fund home and community-based services and supports that older adults often require to continue living independently in their own homes and communities. The Administration on Aging (AoA) and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Departments of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Tr...
Aviation Safety: Proposals to Enhance Aircraft Tracking and Flight Data Recovery May Aid Accident Investigation, but Challenges Remain
GAO-15-443: Published: Apr 16, 2015. Publicly Released: May 18, 2015.
The crash of Air France Flight 447 (AF447) off the coast of Brazil in June 2009 and the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370) in the southern Indian Ocean in March 2014 highlight several challenges authorities may face in locating aircraft in distress and recovering flight recorders. First, oceanic surveillance is limited, and an aircraft's position may not be precisely known. For...
Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Oversight of Key Programs, but Additional Actions Are Needed
GAO-15-559T: Published: May 13, 2015. Publicly Released: May 13, 2015.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has taken steps to improve oversight of Secure Flight—a passenger prescreening program that matches passenger information against watch lists to assign each passenger a risk category—but could take further action to address screening errors. In September 2014, GAO reported that TSA lacked timely and reliable information on system matching erro...
Airport Funding: Changes in Aviation Activity Are Reflected in Reduced Capacity Concerns
GAO-15-498T: Published: Apr 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2015.
Economic factors, since 2007, have led to fewer scheduled commercial flights, a trend more pronounced for some types of airports. These economic factors include not just the volatile fuel prices and the 2007 to 2009 recession but also evolving airline practices, such as airline mergers and the adoption of business models that demonstrate capacity management. For example, as GAO reported in June 20...
Aviation Certification: Issues Related to Domestic and Foreign Approval of U.S. Aviation Products
GAO-15-550T: Published: Apr 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2015.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has made progress in addressing the Certification Process and the Regulatory Consistency Committees' recommendations, but as GAO reported in January 2015, challenges remain that could affect successful implementation of FAA's planned actions.FAA is implementing 14 initiatives for addressing 6 certification process recommendations. According to an April 201...
Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen
GAO-15-370: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.
As the agency transitions to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) faces cybersecurity challenges in at least three areas: (1) protecting air-traffic control (ATC) information systems, (2) protecting aircraft avionics used to operate and guide aircraft, and (3) clarifying cybersecurity roles and responsibilities among multiple FAA office...
Aviation Security: TSA's Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness
GAO-15-465T: Published: Mar 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2015.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) implemented its expedited screening program—known as TSA Pre✓TM—in 2011.TSA uses the following methods to assess whether a passenger is low risk and therefore eligible for expedited screening.(1) Approved TSA Pre✓ TM lists of known travelers —These lists are comprised of individuals whom TSA has determined to be low risk by virtue of their...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: Status of Test Sites and International Developments
GAO-15-486T: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2015.
Since becoming operational in 2014, the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) unmanned aerial systems (UAS) test sites have conducted over 195 flights across five of the six test sites. These flights provide operations and safety data that FAA can use in support of integrating UAS into the national airspace. FAA has not provided funding to the test sites in support of research and development ac...