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Transportation (31 - 40 of 3,292 items)
Aviation Security: Airport Perimeter and Access Control Security Would Benefit from Risk Assessment and Strategy Updates
GAO-16-632: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has made progress in assessing the threat, vulnerability, and consequence components of risk to airport perimeter and access control security (airport security) since GAO last reported on the topic in 2009, such as developing its Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Perimeter and Access Control Security (Risk Asse...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy
GAO-16-582: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) deploys air marshals in part based on assessed risk, but could better incorporate risk in its deployment strategy. FAMS may deploy air marshals on flights with known risk—meaning certain higher risk flights where the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) or FAMS knows of an increase in the threat or consequence of a terrorist attack—as well as...
Rail Grant Oversight: Greater Adherence to Leading Practices Needed to Improve Grants Management
GAO-16-544: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) initially used a regional oversight and monitoring approach outlined in its Grants Management Manual (Grants Manual) to manage the grants funding the section 305 equipment procurement projects, but in the face of challenges that approach evolved to include additional project-level oversight. When FRA began awarding the grants for the section 305 equipmen...
Revolving Funds: Additional Pricing and Performance Information for FAA and Treasury Funds Could Enhance Agency Decisions on Shared Services
GAO-16-477: Published: May 10, 2016. Publicly Released: May 10, 2016.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have policies and procedures for effectively managing the Administrative Services Franchise Fund (ASFF) and the Treasury Franchise Fund (TFF)—the two revolving funds that GAO reviewed.FAA and Treasury Management of the Selected FundsClear roles and responsibilities The roles and responsibilities for managing...
Public Transit: Observations on Recent Changes to the Capital Investment Grant Program
GAO-16-495: Published: Apr 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2016.
The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has implemented most of the key changes the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Act (MAP-21) made to the Capital Investment Grant program, which helps fund investments in new public transit systems or extensions to existing systems. Projects funded under this program fall into different categories, depending on the total project's cost and the amount of f...
Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack
GAO-16-350: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2016.
Modern vehicles contain multiple interfaces—connections between the vehicle and external networks—that leave vehicle systems, including safety-critical systems, such as braking and steering, vulnerable to cyberattacks. Researchers have shown that these interfaces—if not properly secured—can be exploited through direct, physical access to a vehicle, as well as remotely through short-range a...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Unmanned Carrier-Based Aircraft System: Debate over System's Role Led to Focus on Aerial Refueling
GAO-16-389R: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
In 2015, the Department of Defense (DOD) conducted a review of its airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance portfolio and debated the primary role of the Navy Unmanned Carrier-Launched Airborne Surveillance and Strike (UCLASS) system. As a result, DOD restructured the UCLASS program in its fiscal year 2017 budget submission to create the Carrier Based Aerial Refueling System (CBARS)...
Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA's Oversight of Safety Defects
GAO-16-312: Published: Feb 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) faces several challenges in its oversight of vehicle safety defects and has initiated or proposed some actions to address them. Challenges include improving data collection and analysis, providing adequate guidance and standard business processes to the staff who identify and investigate potential vehicle defects, and keeping pace with new...
Aviation Forecasting: FAA Should Implement Additional Risk-Management Practices in Forecasting Aviation Activity
GAO-16-210: Published: Mar 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2016.
Both of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) annual activity forecasts—the National Aerospace Forecast (Aerospace) and airport-level Terminal Area Forecast (TAF)—have consistently overestimated aviation activity since 2004 and 2010, respectively, and have been less accurate the further out they forecast. For example, for Aerospace passenger enplanement forecasts made between fiscal year...