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Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC's Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use
GAO-17-135: Published: Dec 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2016.
As of May 2016, there were 2,063 low power television (LPTV) stations and 3,660 translator stations in the United States and its territories, serving diverse communities. However, some LPTV and translator stations may be displaced and need to find a new channel or discontinue operation after the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) ongoing incentive auction of broadcast television spectrum. B...
U.S. Postal Service: Information on How Broadband Affects Postal Use and the Communications Options for Rural Residents
GAO-16-811: Published: Sep 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2016.
Broadband use has in recent years been associated with reduced use of First-Class Mail. Continued declines as a result of broadband, however, are uncertain. Broadband access to various Internet services, especially online bill paying, is associated with reduced use of transaction mail, a subset of First-Class Mail. GAO analysis of the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS) Household Diary Survey (HDS) data...
Emergency Communications: Improved Procurement of Land Mobile Radios Could Enhance Interoperability and Cut Costs
GAO-17-12: Published: Oct 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2016.
Federal agencies GAO surveyed generally use land mobile radio (LMR) equipment to meet their core missions, such as public safety, emergency management, or firefighting. More than two-thirds of the 57 agencies GAO surveyed reported using equipment from the same manufacturer because, for example, they believe doing so will help ensure compatibility of new LMR equipment with existing system requireme...
Emergency Communications: Survey of Selected Federal Agencies' Use and Procurement of Land Mobile Radio Equipment (GAO-17-13SP, October 5, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-17-12
GAO-17-13SP: Published: Oct 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2016.
This e-supplement is a companion to GAO’s report entitled, Emergency Communications: Improved Procurement of Land Mobile Radios Could Enhance Interoperability and Cut Costs, GAO-17-12. The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide a summary of the results of GAO's survey of select civilian federal agencies on their use of land mobile radio (LMR) systems to communicate with other federal agencie...
China: U.S. Universities in China Emphasize Academic Freedom but Face Internet Censorship and Other Challenges
GAO-16-757: Published: Aug 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2016.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundThe 12 U.S. universities GAO reviewed generally reported receiving support for their institutions in China from Chinese government entities and universities, with limited funding from U.S. government agencies and other donors. Universities reported contributions from Chinese provincial and local governments and from partner universitie...
Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges
GAO-16-659SP: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
What the Participants SaidForum discussions considered the implications of new data-related technologies and developments that are revolutionizing the basic three-step innovation process in the figure below. As massive amounts of varied data become available in many fields, data generation (step 1 in the process) is transformed. Continuing technological advances are bringing more powerful analytic...
Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking
GAO-16-317: Published: Apr 21, 2016. Publicly Released: May 9, 2016.
GAO found that the majority of the reviewed websites for smartphone tracking applications (apps) marketed their products to parents or employers to track the location of their children or employees, respectively, or to monitor them in other ways, such as intercepting their smartphone communications. Several tracking apps were marketed to individuals for the purpose of tracking or intercepting the...
Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders' Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming
GAO-16-496: Published: May 4, 2016. Publicly Released: May 4, 2016.
A phaseout of the statutory licenses for broadcast programming may be feasible for most participants in the video marketplace, although there may be statutory implications for the “carriage requirements” governing which local broadcast television stations are carried by cable and satellite operators. These licenses allow cable and satellite operators to carry copyrighted content, such as telev...
Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed
GAO-16-504T: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2016.
In January 2016, GAO found that, although all 21 tribes GAO interviewed have some access to high-speed Internet, barriers to increasing access remain. Tribal officials and Internet providers said that high poverty rates among tribes and the high costs of connecting remote tribal villages to core Internet networks limit high-speed Internet availability and access. About half of the tribes GAO inter...
Local Media Advertising: FCC Should Take Action to Ensure Television Stations Publicly File Advertising Agreements
GAO-16-349: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
Agreements among station owners allowing stations to jointly sell advertising—known as “joint sales agreements”—are mostly in smaller markets and include provisions such as the amount of advertising time sold and how stations share revenue. Some of these agreements also included provisions typical of other types of sharing agreements. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requires ea...