Television broadcasting (1 - 10 of 35 items)
Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC's Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use
GAO-17-135: Published: Dec 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2016.
As of May 2016, there were 2,063 low power television (LPTV) stations and 3,660 translator stations in the United States and its territories, serving diverse communities. However, some LPTV and translator stations may be displaced and need to find a new channel or discontinue operation after the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) ongoing incentive auction of broadcast television spectrum. B...
Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders' Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming
GAO-16-496: Published: May 4, 2016. Publicly Released: May 4, 2016.
A phaseout of the statutory licenses for broadcast programming may be feasible for most participants in the video marketplace, although there may be statutory implications for the “carriage requirements” governing which local broadcast television stations are carried by cable and satellite operators. These licenses allow cable and satellite operators to carry copyrighted content, such as telev...
Broadcast Television and Radio: Disclosure Requirements for Broadcasted Content
GAO-14-738: Published: Sep 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2014.
Disclosure requirements for advertisements or programming on issues that affect broadcasters’ interests and that may be intended to influence Congress, including its consideration of legislation and related policy issues, depend upon several factors. Specifically, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations require that television and radio broadcasters make an on-air announcement identi...
Media Ownership: FCC Should Review the Effects of Broadcaster Agreements on Its Media Policy Goals
GAO-14-558: Published: Jun 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2014.
Local television stations use broadcaster agreements to share services with one another, but data are limited on the prevalence of these agreements. Stations use agreements to share or outsource a range of services, such as selling advertising time and producing local news. Agreements are referred to by a variety of names and two—joint sales agreements and local marketing agreements—have regul...
Video Marketplace: Competition Is Evolving, and Government Reporting Should Be Reevaluated
GAO-13-576: Published: Jun 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2013.
Since GAO reported on competition in 2005, competition among video content producers is little changed, while competition among distributors has increased. According to data cited by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), seven companies' broadcast and cable networks accounted for about 95 percent of all television viewing hours in the United States. Further, ownership of broadcast and cable...
Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified
GAO-13-237: Published: Jan 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2013.
Sponsorship identification statutes and regulations, overseen by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), require broadcasters to identify commercial content--usually an advertisement, an embedded advertisement, or a video news release--that has been broadcast in exchange for payment or other consideration. A written or verbal sponsorship announcement must be made at least once during any spon...
Broadcasting Board of Governors: Additional Steps Needed to Address Overlap in International Broadcasting
GAO-13-172: Published: Jan 29, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2013.
Nearly two-thirds of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) language services--offices that produce content for particular languages and regions-- overlap with another BBG service by providing programs to the same countries in the same languages. GAO identified 23 instances of overlap involving 43 of BBG's 69 services. For example, in 8 instances involving 16 services, a Voice of America servic...
To Date, DISH Network Is Cooperating with the Court-Appointed Special Master's Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License
GAO-12-496R: Published: Mar 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2012.
DISH is cooperating with the Special Masters examination, which consists of examining DISHs compliance with the royalty payment and household eligibility requirements of the license under Section 119. Since beginning his examination, the Special Master has been holding regular meetings with representatives of DISH and NAB, which represents the four major networks and their affiliates....
Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear
GAO-12-75: Published: Nov 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 2011.
Most U.S. households have access to television broadcast programming through cable or satellite services. Cable and satellite operators offer this programming by providing a secondary transmission of the over-the-air programming from television broadcast stations. Three statutory licenses permit operators to offer copyrighted broadcast programming in return for paying a government-set royalty fee...
Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection and Analysis Could Inform FCC's Efforts to Complete the Digital Transition of Low-Power Television Stations and Reallocate Spectrum
GAO-11-790: Published: Sep 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2011.
Television stations that broadcast at lower power levels were not required to meet the 2009 digital transition deadline for full-power stations. These low-power television stations transmit over a smaller area, and most are less regulated than full-power stations. Low-power television stations use valuable radio frequency spectrum, and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) noted the stations...