Licenses (1 - 10 of 12 items)
Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders' Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming
GAO-16-496: Published: May 4, 2016. Publicly Released: May 4, 2016.
A phaseout of the statutory licenses for broadcast programming may be feasible for most participants in the video marketplace, although there may be statutory implications for the “carriage requirements” governing which local broadcast television stations are carried by cable and satellite operators. These licenses allow cable and satellite operators to carry copyrighted content, such as telev...
Commercial Spectrum: Plans and Actions to Meet Future Needs, Including Continued Use of Auctions
GAO-12-118: Published: Nov 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2011.
Since 1994, FCC has made over 520 megahertz (a measure of quantity) of spectrum available for new uses, such as wireless broadband, through a process that can be lengthy. Because most of the usable spectrum in the United States has been allocated to existing uses, FCC must change its rules to move spectrum from an existing use to a new use, a process known as repurposing spectrum. Yet, this proces...
Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear
GAO-12-75: Published: Nov 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 2011.
Most U.S. households have access to television broadcast programming through cable or satellite services. Cable and satellite operators offer this programming by providing a secondary transmission of the over-the-air programming from television broadcast stations. Three statutory licenses permit operators to offer copyrighted broadcast programming in return for paying a government-set royalty fee...
Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection and Analysis Could Inform FCC's Efforts to Complete the Digital Transition of Low-Power Television Stations and Reallocate Spectrum
GAO-11-790: Published: Sep 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2011.
Television stations that broadcast at lower power levels were not required to meet the 2009 digital transition deadline for full-power stations. These low-power television stations transmit over a smaller area, and most are less regulated than full-power stations. Low-power television stations use valuable radio frequency spectrum, and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) noted the stations...
Telecommunications: Issues Related to the Structure and Funding of Public Television
GAO-07-150: Published: Jan 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2007.
How to fund public television has been a concern since the first noncommercial educational station went on the air in 1953. The use of federal funds to help support public television has been a particular point of discussion and debate. This report reviews (1) the organizational structure of public television, (2) the programming and other services that public television provides, (3) the current...
Federal Communications Commission: MDS and ITFS Two-Way Transmissions
OGC-99-23: Published: Dec 28, 1998. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1998.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) new rule on Multipoint Distribution Service (MDS) and Instructional Television Fixed Service (ITFS) two-way transmissions. GAO noted that: (1) the rule would permit multichannel MDS and ITFS licensees to make more flexible use of their 6 megahertz (MHz) channels through the use of digital technology;...
FCC: Implementation of Competitive Bidding for Commercial Broadcast and Instructional Television Fixed Service Licenses
OGC-98-76: Published: Sep 28, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1998.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) new rule on the implementation of competitive bidding for commercial broadcast and instructional television fixed service licenses. GAO noted that: (1) the rule would adopt procedures for auctioning pending and future mutually exclusive applications for construction permits in the various commercial b...
FCC: Policies and Rules Concerning Children's Television Programming--Revision of Programming Policies for Television Broadcast Stations
OGC-96-37: Published: Sep 11, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO assessed the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) new rule on children's television programming policies for television broadcast stations. GAO found that: (1) the rule would strengthen FCC enforcement of the Children's Television Act and provide a safe harbor processing guideline for processing the CTA portion of broadcasters' license renewal applic...
Telecommunications: Changes in Selected Broadcast and Cable Television Reporting Requirements
RCED-89-24: Published: Dec 9, 1988. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) collection and use of broadcast and cable television ownership and financial data, focusing on: (1) FCC ownership reporting requirements; and (2) differences between data FCC currently collects and data it collected prior to 1981.GAO found that FCC: (1) maintained broadcast ownership files on about 11,0...
Operation of the Copyright Royalty Tribunal
115478: Jun 11, 1981
The Copyright Royalty Tribunal was created to oversee the compulsory licenses provided by the Copyright Act. These included the use of copyrighted materials in coin-operated machines, retransmissions by cable systems of distant broadcasting signals, the use of records in jukeboxes, and the use of music and other creations by noncommercial broadcasters. The Tribunal was to adjust and determine the...