Television (1 - 10 of 57 items)
Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC's Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use
GAO-17-135: Published: Dec 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2016.
As of May 2016, there were 2,063 low power television (LPTV) stations and 3,660 translator stations in the United States and its territories, serving diverse communities. However, some LPTV and translator stations may be displaced and need to find a new channel or discontinue operation after the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) ongoing incentive auction of broadcast television spectrum. B...
Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders' Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming
GAO-16-496: Published: May 4, 2016. Publicly Released: May 4, 2016.
A phaseout of the statutory licenses for broadcast programming may be feasible for most participants in the video marketplace, although there may be statutory implications for the “carriage requirements” governing which local broadcast television stations are carried by cable and satellite operators. These licenses allow cable and satellite operators to carry copyrighted content, such as telev...
Local Media Advertising: FCC Should Take Action to Ensure Television Stations Publicly File Advertising Agreements
GAO-16-349: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
Agreements among station owners allowing stations to jointly sell advertising—known as “joint sales agreements”—are mostly in smaller markets and include provisions such as the amount of advertising time sold and how stations share revenue. Some of these agreements also included provisions typical of other types of sharing agreements. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requires ea...
Broadcast Exclusivity Rules: Effects of Elimination Would Depend on Other Federal Actions and Industry Response
GAO-15-441: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.
Broadcast industry stakeholders that GAO interviewed (including national broadcast networks, such as ABC, and local television stations) report that the exclusivity rules are needed to protect local television stations' contractual rights to be the exclusive providers of network content, such as primetime dramas, and syndicated content, such as game shows, in their markets. These stakeholders repo...
Broadband Internet: FCC Should Track the Application of Fixed Internet Usage-Based Pricing and Help Improve Consumer Education
GAO-15-108: Published: Nov 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2014.
Based on an analysis of consumer data plans of the top 13 fixed—in home—and 4 mobile Internet providers, GAO found that mobile providers employ usage-based pricing (UBP) more commonly than fixed. Under UBP, providers can charge varying prices, change connection speeds, or take other actions based on Internet data consumed. The 4 largest mobile providers in the country all use UBP to some exten...
Broadcast Television and Radio: Disclosure Requirements for Broadcasted Content
GAO-14-738: Published: Sep 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2014.
Disclosure requirements for advertisements or programming on issues that affect broadcasters’ interests and that may be intended to influence Congress, including its consideration of legislation and related policy issues, depend upon several factors. Specifically, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations require that television and radio broadcasters make an on-air announcement identi...
Media Ownership: FCC Should Review the Effects of Broadcaster Agreements on Its Media Policy Goals
GAO-14-558: Published: Jun 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2014.
Local television stations use broadcaster agreements to share services with one another, but data are limited on the prevalence of these agreements. Stations use agreements to share or outsource a range of services, such as selling advertising time and producing local news. Agreements are referred to by a variety of names and two—joint sales agreements and local marketing agreements—have regul...
Video Marketplace: Competition Is Evolving, and Government Reporting Should Be Reevaluated
GAO-13-576: Published: Jun 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2013.
Since GAO reported on competition in 2005, competition among video content producers is little changed, while competition among distributors has increased. According to data cited by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), seven companies' broadcast and cable networks accounted for about 95 percent of all television viewing hours in the United States. Further, ownership of broadcast and cable...
Emergency Alerting: Capabilities Have Improved, but Additional Guidance and Testing Are Needed
GAO-13-375: Published: Apr 24, 2013. Publicly Released: May 23, 2013.
Since 2009, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken actions to improve the capabilities of the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) and to increase federal, state, and local capabilities to alert the public, but barriers remain to fully implementing an integrated system. Specifically, IPAWS has the capability to receive and authenticate Internet-based alerts from fed...
Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified
GAO-13-237: Published: Jan 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2013.
Sponsorship identification statutes and regulations, overseen by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), require broadcasters to identify commercial content--usually an advertisement, an embedded advertisement, or a video news release--that has been broadcast in exchange for payment or other consideration. A written or verbal sponsorship announcement must be made at least once during any spon...