Spectrum management (1 - 10 of 34 items)
Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC's Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use
GAO-17-135: Published: Dec 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2016.
As of May 2016, there were 2,063 low power television (LPTV) stations and 3,660 translator stations in the United States and its territories, serving diverse communities. However, some LPTV and translator stations may be displaced and need to find a new channel or discontinue operation after the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) ongoing incentive auction of broadcast television spectrum. B...
Spectrum Management: FCC's Use and Enforcement of Buildout Requirements
GAO-14-236: Published: Feb 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2014.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has established buildout requirements—which require a licensee to build the necessary infrastructure and put the assigned spectrum to use within a set amount of time—for most wireless services, including cellular and personal communication services. FCC tailors the buildout requirements it sets for a wireless service based on the physical characteris...
Spectrum Management: Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues
GAO-13-472: Published: May 22, 2013. Publicly Released: May 22, 2013.
Some federal agencies underestimated the costs to relocate communication systems from the 1710-1755 megahertz (MHz) band, although auction revenues appear to exceed relocation costs by over $5 billion. As of March 2013, actual relocation costs have exceeded estimated costs by about $474 million, or 47 percent. The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) expects agencies t...
Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues
GAO-13-563T: Published: Apr 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2013.
Actual costs to relocate federal users from the 1710-1755 megahertz (MHz) band have exceeded the original $1 billion estimate by about $474 million as of March 2013, although auction revenues appear to exceed relocation costs by over $5 billion. Actual relocation costs exceed estimated costs for various reasons, including unforeseen challenges and some agencies not following the National Telecommu...
Spectrum Management: Further Consideration of Options to Improve Receiver Performance Needed
GAO-13-265: Published: Feb 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2013.
Manufacturers and commercial licensees have taken a variety of actions to improve receiver performance. For some services, industry associations-- comprised of manufacturers, commercial licensees, and others--have developed voluntary standards that are often used to design and procure receivers, such as those in cell phones and televisions, and to help improve receiver performance. Stakeholders al...
Spectrum Management: FCC's Licensing Approach in the 11, 18, and 23 Gigahertz Bands Currently Supports Spectrum Availability and Efficiency
GAO-13-78R: Published: Nov 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2012.
FCC has generally ensured the availability of licenses and encouraged the efficient use of spectrum through its various regulations. Specifically, stakeholders noted that the Commission's rules on frequency coordination, buildout requirements, and operating requirements each ensure availability of licenses and encourage efficient use of spectrum. First, FCC's requirement to coordinate new links wi...
Spectrum Management: Incentives, Opportunities, and Testing Needed to Enhance Spectrum Sharing
GAO-13-7: Published: Nov 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2012.
Some spectrum users may lack incentive to share spectrum or otherwise use it efficiently, and federal agencies and private users currently cannot easily identify spectrum available for sharing. Typically, paying the market price for a good or service helps to inform users of the value of the good and provides an incentive for efficient use. Federal agencies, however, pay only a small fee to the NT...
Spectrum Management: Federal Government's Use of Spectrum and Preliminary Information on Spectrum Sharing
GAO-12-1018T: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is responsible for governmentwide federal spectrum management, but GAO reported in 2011 that NTIAs efforts in this area had been limited. In 2003, the President directed NTIA to develop plans identifying federal and nonfederal spectrum needs, and in 2008, NTIA issued the federal plan. GAO found it did not identify governme...
Commercial Spectrum: Plans and Actions to Meet Future Needs, Including Continued Use of Auctions
GAO-12-118: Published: Nov 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2011.
Since 1994, FCC has made over 520 megahertz (a measure of quantity) of spectrum available for new uses, such as wireless broadband, through a process that can be lengthy. Because most of the usable spectrum in the United States has been allocated to existing uses, FCC must change its rules to move spectrum from an existing use to a new use, a process known as repurposing spectrum. Yet, this proces...
Spectrum Management: NTIA Planning and Processes Need Strengthening to Promote the Efficient Use of Spectrum by Federal Agencies
GAO-11-352: Published: Apr 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
Radio frequency spectrum enables vital wireless communications services used by the federal government, businesses, and consumers. Spectrum capacity is necessary for wireless broadband (high-speed Internet access) and broadband deployment will boost the nation's capabilities in many important areas. As the demand for spectrum continues to increase, there is concern about adequate access to meet fu...