Commerce (1 - 10 of 31 items) in Custom Date Range
Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders' Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming
GAO-16-496: Published: May 4, 2016. Publicly Released: May 4, 2016.
A phaseout of the statutory licenses for broadcast programming may be feasible for most participants in the video marketplace, although there may be statutory implications for the “carriage requirements” governing which local broadcast television stations are carried by cable and satellite operators. These licenses allow cable and satellite operators to carry copyrighted content, such as telev...
Local Media Advertising: FCC Should Take Action to Ensure Television Stations Publicly File Advertising Agreements
GAO-16-349: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
Agreements among station owners allowing stations to jointly sell advertising—known as “joint sales agreements”—are mostly in smaller markets and include provisions such as the amount of advertising time sold and how stations share revenue. Some of these agreements also included provisions typical of other types of sharing agreements. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requires ea...
911 Services: Most States Used 911 Funds for Intended Purposes, but FCC Could Improve Its Reporting on States' Use of Funds
GAO-13-376: Published: Apr 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2013.
Although states faced challenges and delays in the past, states have made significant progress implementing wireless Enhanced 911 (E911) since 2003. Wireless E911 deployment usually proceeds through two phases: Phase I provides general caller location information by identifying the cell tower or cell site that is receiving the wireless call; Phase II provides more precise caller-location informati...
Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified
GAO-13-237: Published: Jan 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2013.
Sponsorship identification statutes and regulations, overseen by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), require broadcasters to identify commercial content--usually an advertisement, an embedded advertisement, or a video news release--that has been broadcast in exchange for payment or other consideration. A written or verbal sponsorship announcement must be made at least once during any spon...
DISH Network Complied with the Court-Appointed Special Master's Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License
GAO-13-169R: Published: Dec 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2012.
GAO found that DISH complied with the Special Master's examination. DISH provided the Special Master with information on its subscribers and royalty payments, and cooperated on a survey of all major network-affiliated broadcast stations nationwide. Since our March 23, 2012, report, the Special Master issued a report noting that there was no substantial evidence of improprieties by DISH regarding t...
Spectrum Management: FCC's Licensing Approach in the 11, 18, and 23 Gigahertz Bands Currently Supports Spectrum Availability and Efficiency
GAO-13-78R: Published: Nov 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2012.
FCC has generally ensured the availability of licenses and encouraged the efficient use of spectrum through its various regulations. Specifically, stakeholders noted that the Commission's rules on frequency coordination, buildout requirements, and operating requirements each ensure availability of licenses and encourage efficient use of spectrum. First, FCC's requirement to coordinate new links wi...
Spectrum Management: Incentives, Opportunities, and Testing Needed to Enhance Spectrum Sharing
GAO-13-7: Published: Nov 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2012.
Some spectrum users may lack incentive to share spectrum or otherwise use it efficiently, and federal agencies and private users currently cannot easily identify spectrum available for sharing. Typically, paying the market price for a good or service helps to inform users of the value of the good and provides an incentive for efficient use. Federal agencies, however, pay only a small fee to the NT...
Recovery Act: Broadband Programs Are Ongoing, and Agencies' Efforts Would Benefit from Improved Data Quality
GAO-12-937: Published: Sep 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2012.
The progress of the broadband projects is difficult to measure because of data limitations. As projects progress, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) and the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) disburse awarded funds to projects on, for example, a reimbursement basis. As of July 2012, NTIA has disbursed approximately $1.9 billion of the $3.8 billion it awarded for proje...
Spectrum Management: Federal Government's Use of Spectrum and Preliminary Information on Spectrum Sharing
GAO-12-1018T: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is responsible for governmentwide federal spectrum management, but GAO reported in 2011 that NTIAs efforts in this area had been limited. In 2003, the President directed NTIA to develop plans identifying federal and nonfederal spectrum needs, and in 2008, NTIA issued the federal plan. GAO found it did not identify governme...
Emergency Communications: Various Challenges Likely to Slow Implementation of a Public Safety Broadband Network
GAO-12-343: Published: Feb 22, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2012.
After the investment of significant resourcesincluding billions of dollars in federal grants and approximately 100 megahertz of radio frequency spectrumthe current land mobile radio (LMR) systems in use by public safety provide reliable mission critical voice capabilities. For public safety, mission critical voice communications must meet a high standard for reliability, re...