All Topics » Tax Policy and Administration
Tax Policy and Administration (11 - 20 of 22 items) in Past Year
IRS 2017 Budget: IRS Could Improve Presentation of Budget Data in Its Congressional Justification
GAO-16-695: Published: Jul 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2016.
Congressional justification data. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has taken steps to manage its budget more strategically but did not make linkages between priorities and appropriations accounts. IRS prioritized a subset of its 19 strategic objectives for action and established six themes that represent its “future state” vision for tax administration. In the fiscal year 2017 congressional...
Tax Expenditures: Opportunities Exist to Use Budgeting and Agency Performance Processes to Increase Oversight
GAO-16-622: Published: Jul 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2016.
Federal budget formulation processes include fewer controls and reviews, and provide less information on tax expenditures—which represented an estimated $1.23 trillion in forgone revenues in fiscal year 2015—than for discretionary or mandatory spending. For example, in the President’s budget, tax expenditure revenue loss estimates are presented separately from related spending, making their...
Information Technology: IRS Needs to Improve Its Processes for Prioritizing and Reporting Performance of Investments
GAO-16-545: Published: Jun 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2016.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has developed information technology (IT) investment priorities for fiscal year 2016, which support two types of activities—operations and modernization. For example, it has developed priority groups for operations such as: (1) critical business operations, infrastructure operations, and maintenance; and (2) delivery of essential tax administration/taxpayer ser...
Refundable Tax Credits: Comprehensive Compliance Strategy and Expanded Use of Data Could Strengthen IRS's Efforts to Address Noncompliance
GAO-16-475: Published: May 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2016.
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), the Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC), and the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) provide tax benefits to millions of taxpayers—many of whom are low-income—who are working, raising children, or pursuing higher education. These credits are refundable in that, in addition to offsetting tax liability, any excess credit over the tax liability is refunded t...
Identity Theft and Tax Fraud: IRS Needs to Update Its Risk Assessment for the Taxpayer Protection Program
GAO-16-508: Published: May 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Taxpayer Protection Program (TPP). While the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has made efforts to strengthen TPP—a program to authenticate the identities of suspicious tax return filers and prevent identity theft (IDT) refund fraud—fraudsters are still able to pass through and obtain fraudulent refunds. TPP authenticates taxpayers by asking questions only a real taxpayer should know; however, fr...
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: Some Agency Practices Raise Concerns and IRS Could Improve Noncompliance Reporting and Data Collection
GAO-16-360: Published: May 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2016.
Allocating agencies that administer the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program have certain flexibilities for implementing program requirements and the agencies have done so in various ways. Although GAO found that allocating agencies generally have processes to meet requirements for allocating credits, reviewing costs, and monitoring projects, some of these practices raised concerns:More t...
Management Report: Improvements Are Needed to Enhance the Internal Revenue Service's Internal Control over Financial Reporting
GAO-16-457R: Published: May 18, 2016. Publicly Released: May 18, 2016.
During its audit of the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS) fiscal years 2015 and 2014 financial statements, GAO identified several deficiencies in IRS’s internal control over financial reporting that while not considered to be material weaknesses or significant deficiencies either individually or collectively, nonetheless warrant IRS management’s attention. These control deficiencies relate to...
Tax Filing: IRS Needs a Comprehensive Customer Service Strategy and Needs to Better Combat Identity Theft Refund Fraud and Protect Taxpayer Data
GAO-16-578T: Published: Apr 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2016.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) improved phone service to taxpayers during the 2016 filing season compared to last year. According to IRS, this is due in part to the additional $290 million in funding Congress provided to improve customer service, identity theft (IDT) refund fraud, and cybersecurity efforts. However, IRS expects its performance for the entire fiscal year will not reach the leve...
Corporate Income Tax: Most Large Profitable U.S. Corporations Paid Tax but Effective Tax Rates Differed Significantly from the Statutory Rate
GAO-16-363: Published: Mar 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 13, 2016.
In each year from 2006 to 2012, at least two-thirds of all active corporations had no federal income tax liability. Larger corporations were more likely to owe tax. Among large corporations (generally those with at least $10 million in assets) less than half—42.3 percent—paid no federal income tax in 2012. Of those large corporations whose financial statements reported a profit, 19.5 percent p...
Information Security: IRS Needs to Further Improve Controls over Taxpayer Data and Continue to Combat Identity Theft Refund Fraud
GAO-16-589T: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
In March 2016, GAO reported that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) had instituted numerous controls over key financial and tax processing systems; however, it had not always effectively implemented other controls intended to properly restrict access to systems and information, among other security measures. In particular, while IRS had improved some of its access controls, weaknesses remained in...