Voluntary compliance (71 - 80 of 186 items)
Capital Gains Tax Gap: Requiring Brokers to Report Securities Cost Basis Would Improve Compliance if Related Challenges Are Addressed
GAO-06-603: Published: Jun 13, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2006.
For tax year 2001, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimated a tax gap of at least $11 billion from individual taxpayers misreporting income from capital assets (generally those owned for investment or personal purposes). IRS did not estimate the portion of this gap from securities (e.g., stocks, bonds, and mutual fund capital gains distributions). GAO was asked for information on (1) the exten...
Taxpayer Information: Options Exist to Enable Data Sharing Between IRS and USCIS but Each Presents Challenges
GAO-06-100: Published: Oct 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2005.
In 2000, federal agencies estimated they saved at least $900 million annually through data sharing initiatives. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) can use data from taxpayers and third parties to better ensure taxpayers meet their obligations. Likewise, Congress has authorized certain agencies access to taxpayer information collected by IRS to better determine benefit eligibility. In July 2004, we...
Tax Administration: Systematic Information Sharing Would Help IRS Determine the Deductibility of Civil Settlement Payments
GAO-05-747: Published: Sep 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2005.
Although some civil settlement payments are deductible, their deterrence factor could be lessened if companies can deduct certain settlement payments from their income taxes. GAO was asked to (1) identify federal agencies that negotiated some of the largest dollar civil settlements, (2) determine whether selected federal agencies take tax consequences into account when negotiating settlements and...
Tax Policy: Summary of Estimates of the Costs of the Federal Tax System
GAO-05-878: Published: Aug 26, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2005.
In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, the amount of taxes paid does not reflect the total cost to taxpayers of the federal tax system. In addition to taxes paid, taxpayers also bear compliance costs and efficiency costs. Understanding the magnitude of th...
Understanding the Tax Reform Debate: Background, Criteria, and Questions
GAO-05-1009SP: Published: Sep 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2005.
Taxes are necessary because they fund the services provided by government. In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of gross domestic product. Beyond funding government, the federal tax system has profound effects on the economy as a whole and on individual taxpayers, both for today and tomorrow. T...
Tax Compliance: Better Compliance Data and Long-term Goals Would Support a More Strategic IRS Approach to Reducing the Tax Gap
GAO-05-753: Published: Jul 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2005.
According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), a gap arises each year between what taxpayers pay accurately and on time in taxes and what they should pay under the law. The tax gap is composed of underreporting of tax liabilities on tax returns, underpaying of taxes due from filed returns, and nonfiling of required tax returns altogether or on time. GAO was asked to provide information on (1) th...
Tax Administration: IRS Is Implementing the National Research Program as Planned
GAO-03-614: Published: Jun 16, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2003.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) needs up-to-date information on voluntary compliance in order to assess and improve its programs. IRS's last detailed study of voluntary compliance was done in the late 1980s, so the compliance information IRS is using today is not current. IRS is now carrying out the National Research Program (NRP), through which IRS auditors are reviewing about 47,000 randomly...
Compliance and Collection: Challenges for IRS in Reversing Trends and Implementing New Initiatives
GAO-03-732T: Published: May 7, 2003. Publicly Released: May 7, 2003.
Taxpayers' willingness to voluntarily comply with tax laws depends in part on their confidence that friends, neighbors, and business competitors are paying their fair share of taxes. The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) programs to ensure compliance and to collect delinquent taxes are viewed by many as critical for maintaining the public's confidence in our tax system. Congress asked GAO to presen...
Tax Administration: New Compliance Research Effort Is on Track, but Important Work Remains
GAO-02-769: Published: Jun 27, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2002.
The U.S. tax system is based on taxpayers voluntarily complying with the tax laws. However, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) last measured taxpayers' rate of compliance using 1988 tax returns. As time has passed, IRS has become concerned that its ability to understand the effectiveness of its programs and target audits on noncompliant returns has deteriorated, potentially resulting in poorer ser...
Tax Administration: Status of IRS' Efforts to Develop Measures of Voluntary Compliance
GAO-01-535: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2001.
The U.S. tax system is based on voluntary reporting. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) reviews all tax returns after they are filed to ensure compliance with tax laws governing this voluntary system. Despite these efforts, each year billions of dollars in taxes owed are not voluntarily reported and paid, which could result in reduced revenue to fund federal programs, higher tax rates, or both. Th...