Tax evasion (1 - 10 of 54 items)
Tobacco Taxes: Disparities in Rates for Similar Smoking Products Continue to Drive Market Shifts to Lower-Taxed Options
GAO-14-811T: Published: Jul 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
Large federal excise tax disparities among smoking tobacco products, which resulted from the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (CHIPRA) of 2009, created opportunities for tax avoidance and led to significant market shifts toward lower-taxed products by manufacturers, importers, and price-sensitive consumers. From fiscal year 2008, the last year before CHIPRA, to fiscal year 2...
IRS's Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program: 2009 Participation by State and Location of Foreign Bank Accounts
GAO-14-265R: Published: Jan 6, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2014.
We reported the number of 2008 tax returns by state for IRS's 2009 Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program (OVDP) participants. OVPD offered incentives for taxpayers to disclose their offshore accounts and pay delinquent taxes, interest and penalties. Generally, the program offered somewhat reduced penalties and no risk of criminal prosecution, if eligible taxpayers fully disclosed their previously...
Virtual Economies and Currencies: Additional IRS Guidance Could Reduce Tax Compliance Risks
GAO-13-516: Published: May 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2013.
Transactions within virtual economies or using virtual currencies could produce taxable income in various ways, depending on the facts and circumstances of each transaction. For example, transactions within a "closed-flow" virtual currency system do not produce taxable income because a virtual currency can be used only to purchase virtual goods or services. An example of a closed-flow transaction...
Offshore Tax Evasion: IRS Has Collected Billions of Dollars, but May be Missing Continued Evasion
GAO-13-318: Published: Mar 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2013.
As of December 2012, the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) four offshore programs have resulted in more than 39,000 disclosures by taxpayers and over $5.5 billion in revenues. The offshore programs attract taxpayers by offering a reduced risk of criminal prosecution and lower penalties than if the unreported income was discovered by one of IRS's other enforcement programs. For the 2009 Offshore Vol...
International Taxation: Information on Foreign-Owned but Essentially U.S.-Based Corporate Groups Is Limited
GAO-12-794: Published: Jul 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2012.
The FCDC ownership structure could provide a tax avoidance or evasion advantage relative to a structure where U.S. parents own foreign subsidiaries. Academic experts we spoke to said that the FCDC corporate structure does not provide an inherently greater ability to evade taxes through transfer pricing abuse because transfer pricing rules are the same for the FCDC structure as for U.S. corporation...
Foreign Account Reporting Requirements: IRS Needs to Further Develop Risk, Compliance, and Cost Plans
GAO-12-484: Published: Apr 16, 2012. Publicly Released: May 16, 2012.
IRS has taken initial steps to implement FATCA requirements in line with leading implementation practices, including establishing a team to manage the implementation process and issuing guidance and proposed regulations. IRS has involved external stakeholders in the implementation process, which has helped inform IRSs implementation plans and regulations. IRS has also communicated initial in...
Financial Derivatives: Disparate Tax Treatment and Information Gaps Create Uncertainty and Potential Abuse
GAO-11-750: Published: Sep 20, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2011.
Recently, concerns have arisen about the use of certain financial derivatives to avoid or evade tax obligations. As requested, this report (1) identifies and evaluates how financial derivatives can be used to avoid or evade tax liability or achieve differing tax results in economically similar situations, (2) evaluates Internal Revenue Service (IRS) actions to address the tax effects of investment...
Abusive Tax Avoidance Transactions: IRS Needs Better Data to Inform Decisions about Transactions
GAO-11-493: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2011.
Abusive tax avoidance transactions (ATAT) range from frivolous tax schemes to highly technical and abusive tax shelters marketed to taxpayers by promoters selling tax advice. ATATs threaten the U.S. tax system's integrity if honest taxpayers believe that others do not pay their fair share of taxes. GAO was asked to (1) describe what is known about trends in ATAT usage; (2) describe results of IRS'...
Tax Compliance: Opportunities Exist to Improve Tax Compliance of Applicants for State Business Licenses
GAO-09-569: Published: Jun 15, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2009.
The California Department of Industrial Relations, Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE), requires applicants for California business licenses in three industries--farm labor contracting, garment manufacturing, and car washing and polishing--to be in compliance with federal employment tax obligations to qualify. Based on questions about whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is fully...
International Taxation: Large U.S. Corporations and Federal Contractors with Subsidiaries in Jurisdictions Listed as Tax Havens or Financial Privacy Jurisdictions
GAO-09-157: Published: Dec 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2009.
Many U.S. corporations operate globally and have foreign subsidiaries. The subsidiaries may be created, for example, to take advantage of sales opportunities or favorable labor conditions. In some cases they may be used to reduce taxes. GAO was asked to update its 2004 report on large federal contractors with subsidiaries in countries sometimes called tax havens because of low taxes and a general...