Income taxes (51 - 60 of 129 items)
Tax Administration: IRS's Efforts to Improve Compliance With Employment Tax Requirements Should Be Evaluated
GAO-02-92: Published: Jan 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2002.
Employers are required to withhold amounts from their employees' salary to cover individual federal income tax, Social Security, and Medicare taxes; match the amounts for Social Security and Medicare taxes; and deposit these amounts with the U.S. Treasury. In fiscal year 2000, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collected $1.3 trillion in this manner. Most employers withhold and deposit these taxes...
Federal Taxes: Information on Payroll Taxes and Earned Income Tax Credit Noncompliance
GAO-01-487T: Published: Mar 7, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2001.
This testimony discusses (1) how payroll taxes fund Social Security and the Medicare Hospital Insurance (HI) programs and (2) noncompliance associated with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and efforts to deal with that noncompliance. Payroll taxes fund the Social Security Program and the Medicare HI program. These taxes are paid in equal portions by employees and their employers. Employees and...
Alternative Minimum Tax: An Overview of Its Rationale and Impact on Individual Taxpayers
GGD-00-180: Published: Aug 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the alternative minimum tax (AMT) system, focusing on: (1) the rationale for establishing AMT; (2) how AMT affects taxpayers' tax liability; (3) the expected increase in AMT coverage and additional tax liability and the major reasons for the increase; and (4) the impact of the projected increase in AMT coverage on taxpayers' complian...
Banking Taxation: Implications of Proposed Revisions Governing S-Corporations on Community Banks
GGD-00-159: Published: Jun 23, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO: (1) analyzed possible revisions to the tax rules governing S-corporations; and (2) determined the potential impact such revisions might have, primarily on community banks.GAO noted that: (1) GAO studied five possible revisions to the tax rules governing S-corporations; (2) the proposed provisions were written to address perceived obstacles to becoming S-...
Tax Administration: Foreign- and U.S.-Controlled Corporations That Did Not Pay U.S. Income Taxes, 1989-95
GGD-99-39: Published: Mar 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided an update to its report on the nonpayment of U.S. income taxes by foreign-controlled corporations (FCC) and U.S.-controlled corporations (USCC), focusing on comparisons of: (1) the percentages of FCCs and USCCs that filed income tax returns showing no tax liabilities for 1989 through 1995, the latest years for which data were available; and (2) sel...
IRS Audits: Weaknesses in Selecting and Conducting Correspondence Audits
GGD-99-48: Published: Mar 31, 1999. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) program to audit income tax returns through correspondence, focusing on: (1) the number, results, and duration of correspondence audits as well as the characteristics of the audited returns; and (2) processes and requirements that IRS has had for years to govern correspondence audits.GAO noted that: (1) several...
Tax Administration: IRS Measures Could Provide a More Balanced Picture of Audit Results and Costs
GGD-98-128: Published: Jun 23, 1998. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) measures of the results of its audits of tax returns, focusing on: (1) how much of the additional taxes recommended in all types of audits that were closed in fiscal year (FY) 1992 through FY 1997 had been settled or were still in dispute and, if settled, how much had been assessed and collected a...
Tax Administration: Factors Affecting Results from Audits of Large Corporations
GGD-97-62: Published: Apr 17, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 1997.
GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) program to audit the tax returns of about 45,000 large corporations that are not in the Coordinated Examination Program (CEP), focusing on factors that contributed to the assessment rate and audit results.GAO noted that: (1) IRS invested 25 percent more hours in audits of large corporations during 1994 than it did in 1988, yet it recommended 23 per...
Tax Administration: Issues in Classifying Workers as Employees or Independent Contractors
T-GGD-96-130: Published: Jun 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1996.
GAO discussed the classification of workers as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has adopted 20 common law rules to help employers classify workers; (2) the rules require employers to withhold and deposit income and social security taxes, and pay the unemployment and social security taxes for workers determined to...
Tax Research: IRS Has Made Progress but Major Challenges Remain
GGD-96-109: Published: Jun 5, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 5, 1996.
GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) tax compliance research program, focusing on: (1) the success IRS has had with its new research approach; and (2) IRS ability to implement lessons learned from its Compliance 2000 initiative.GAO found that: (1) IRS implemented its new compliance research approach to address concerns over taxpayer noncompliance and the large gap between income taxes...