Tax law (41 - 50 of 120 items)
Tax Administration: Innocent Spouse Relief
GGD-98-77R: Published: Mar 11, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed innocent spouse tax administration issues, focusing on ways: (1) divorce decrees can be made a consideration in determining the tax liability in innocent spouse cases; (2) legislation for using a proportionate liability option for innocent spouse claims can be implemented; (3) legislation can help to ensure that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) e...
Tax Administration: Potential Impact of Alternative Taxes on Taxpayers and Administrators
GGD-98-37: Published: Jan 14, 1998. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 1998.
GAO reviewed alternative tax systems, focusing on: (1) the major differences in design among the tax alternatives; and (2) how the alternatives, by incorporating different design features, may affect the taxpayers' burden of complying with the tax laws and the government's responsibilities for administering those laws.GAO noted that: (1) the alternative tax systems that GAO studied differ in their...
Earned Income Credit: Noncompliance Relative to Other Components of the Income Tax Gap
GGD-97-120R: Published: Jun 13, 1997. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 1997.
GAO compared noncompliance and associated Internal Revenue Service (IRS) enforcement issues for Earned Income Credit (EIC) claimants and other taxpayer groups, such as the self-employed.GAO noted that: (1) IRS estimated that 25.8 percent of EIC, or $4.4 billion, was overclaimed in tax year 1994; (2) this is a relatively high error rate, but the gross dollar amount is lower than that of some other...
Tax Administration: Factors Affecting Results from Audits of Large Corporations
GGD-97-62: Published: Apr 17, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 1997.
GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) program to audit the tax returns of about 45,000 large corporations that are not in the Coordinated Examination Program (CEP), focusing on factors that contributed to the assessment rate and audit results.GAO noted that: (1) IRS invested 25 percent more hours in audits of large corporations during 1994 than it did in 1988, yet it recommended 23 per...
Tax Policy: Information on the Joint and Several Liability Standard
GGD-97-34: Published: Mar 12, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 1997.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reported on several issues related to the joint and several liability standard that applies to jointly filed federal income tax returns, focusing on: (1) the potential universe of taxpayers that may be eligible for innocent spouse relief; (2) the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) practices and procedures for handling requests for innocent spouse relief; (3...
Taxpayer Compliance: Analyzing the Nature of the Income Tax Gap
T-GGD-97-35: Published: Jan 9, 1997. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1997.
GAO discussed the income tax gap, the difference between income taxes owed and those voluntarily paid. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) data suggest that U.S. taxpayers voluntarily pay about 83 percent of the income taxes they owe and ultimately pay about 87 percent after IRS enforcement programs; (2) this compliance level, in combination with economic growth, translates in...
Tax Policy: Analysis of Certain Potential Effects of Extending Federal Income Taxation to Puerto Rico
GGD-96-127: Published: Aug 15, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the potential effects of extending the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) to residents of Puerto Rico.GAO found that if IRC tax rules are applied to residents of Puerto Rico: (1) the residents would owe around $623 million in federal income tax before taking into account the earned income tax credit (EITC); (2) the aggregate amount of EITC...
GGD-96-116R: Published: Jun 19, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on grassroots lobbying expenses reported by charitable organizations. GAO noted that: (1) the data presented understates total grassroots lobbying expenditures, since charitable organizations do not report their lobbying expenses unless they elect to be subject to a certain tax code provision; (2) churches and church-affiliated groups d...
Tax System: Issues in Tax Compliance Burden
T-GGD-96-100: Published: Apr 3, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1996.
GAO discussed business and individual taxpayers' federal tax compliance burden. GAO noted that: (1) the compliance burden is due to the tax code's complexity, ambiguous language, and frequent changes; (2) many businesses are uncertain about what they must do to comply with the code; (3) recordkeeping, time-consuming calculations, the interplay of state and local tax requirements, and Internal Reve...
Tax Policy and Administration: 1995 Annual Report on GAO's Tax-Related Work
GGD-96-61: Published: Mar 8, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO summarized its work on tax policy and administration during fiscal year (FY) 1995, including: (1) actions federal agencies took in response to its recommendations as of December 31, 1995; (2) recommendations made to Congress before and during FY 1995 that remain open; and (3) assignments for which it received authorized access to tax information.GAO noted...