Income taxes (21 - 30 of 66 items)
Tax Administration: Nonfiling Among U.S. Citizens Abroad
GGD-98-106: Published: May 11, 1998. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the tax compliance of U.S. citizens residing in foreign countries, focusing on: (1) whether it is possible, given available data, to estimate the prevalence and revenue impact of nonfiling among U.S. citizens residing abroad; (2) factors that may limit the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) enforcement of the filing requirement or othe...
Tax Administration: IRS' Use of Random Selection in Choosing Tax Returns for Audit
GGD-98-40: Published: Feb 5, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) use of random audits during fiscal years 1994 through 1996, focusing on the: (1) number of audits selected overall and at random for tax returns filed by all taxpayers and by IRS employees across the nation and in Georgia; (2) profile of the taxpayers subjected to random audits by state, type of taxpayer return,...
Tax Administration: More Criteria Needed on IRS' Use of Financial Status Audit Techniques
GGD-98-38: Published: Dec 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) use of financial status audit techniques to: (1) estimate how frequently IRS used financial status audit techniques in audits closed in tax years prior to the 1994 initiative (1992 and 1993) and in tax years following the 1994 initiative (1995 and 1996); (2) consider how IRS' need to contact taxpayers for additi...
Tax Administration: Factors Affecting Results from Audits of Large Corporations
GGD-97-62: Published: Apr 17, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 1997.
GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) program to audit the tax returns of about 45,000 large corporations that are not in the Coordinated Examination Program (CEP), focusing on factors that contributed to the assessment rate and audit results.GAO noted that: (1) IRS invested 25 percent more hours in audits of large corporations during 1994 than it did in 1988, yet it recommended 23 per...
Taxpayer Compliance: Analyzing the Nature of the Income Tax Gap
T-GGD-97-35: Published: Jan 9, 1997. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1997.
GAO discussed the income tax gap, the difference between income taxes owed and those voluntarily paid. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) data suggest that U.S. taxpayers voluntarily pay about 83 percent of the income taxes they owe and ultimately pay about 87 percent after IRS enforcement programs; (2) this compliance level, in combination with economic growth, translates in...
Tax Administration: Issues in Classifying Workers as Employees or Independent Contractors
T-GGD-96-130: Published: Jun 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1996.
GAO discussed the classification of workers as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has adopted 20 common law rules to help employers classify workers; (2) the rules require employers to withhold and deposit income and social security taxes, and pay the unemployment and social security taxes for workers determined to...
Tax Administration: IRS Can Improve Information Reporting for Original Issue Discount Bonds
GGD-96-70: Published: Mar 15, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1996.
GAO provided information on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) efforts to ensure that taxpayers report investment income earned from bonds sold at original issue discount (OID), focusing on the completeness and use of IRS Publication 1212.GAO found that: (1) IRS asserts that OID bond issuers can rely on Publication 1212 to identify all publicly offered OID bonds and compute OID income, but Publi...
Tax Administration: Audit Trends and Taxes Assessed on Large Corporations
GGD-96-6: Published: Oct 13, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 1995.
GAO reviewed the results of the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) efforts to audit the tax returns of about 45,000 large corporations, focusing on: (1) audit trends for fiscal years 1988 through 1994; (2) the portion of taxes recommended by agents that were eventually assessed; and (3) the profiles of audited large corporations compared with those of nonaudited corporations.GAO found that: (1) for...
Tax Administration: IRS' Partnership Compliance Activities Could Be Improved
GGD-95-151: Published: Jun 16, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) partnership compliance activities, focusing on the: (1) extent of partnership compliance with tax laws; and (2) steps IRS could take to improve partnership compliance.GAO found that: (1) the most current partnership compliance data showed that individual partners owed an additional $2.4 billion in taxes in 1982;...
Taxpayer Compliance: Reducing the Income Tax Gap
T-GGD-95-176: Published: Jun 6, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 1995.
GAO discussed the income tax gap. GAO noted that: (1) taxpayers voluntarily pay 83 percent of the taxes they owe and 87 percent after Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audits; (2) although the compliance level is relatively high, tax compliance is not uniform among groups of taxpayers; (3) IRS estimates that wage earners report 97 percent of their wages, self-employed report 36 percent of their incom...