Voluntary compliance (21 - 30 of 70 items)
Value-Added Taxes: Lessons Learned from Other Countries on Compliance Risks, Administrative Costs, Compliance Burden, and Transition
GAO-08-566: Published: Apr 4, 2008. Publicly Released: May 5, 2008.
Dissatisfaction with the federal tax system has led to a debate about U.S. tax reform, including proposals for a national consumption tax. One type of proposed consumption tax is a value-added tax (VAT), widely used around the world. A VAT is levied on the difference between a business's sales and its purchases of goods and services. Typically, a business calculates the tax due on its sales, subtr...
Tax Compliance: Inflation Has Significantly Decreased the Real Value of Some Penalties
GAO-07-1062: Published: Aug 23, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2007.
Civil tax penalties are an important tool to encourage taxpayer compliance with the tax laws. A number of civil tax penalties have fixed dollar amounts--a specific dollar amount, a minimum or maximum amount--that are not indexed for inflation. Because of Congress's concerns that civil penalties are not effectively achieving their purposes, we agreed to (1) determine the potential effect of adjusti...
Internal Revenue Service: Assessment of the 2008 Budget Request and an Update of 2007 Performance
GAO-07-719T: Published: May 9, 2007. Publicly Released: May 9, 2007.
The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) budget request shows how IRS intends to balance spending for enforcement and taxpayer service, including spending for new initiatives and the Business Systems Modernization (BSM) program. A combination of enforcement and taxpayer service promotes compliance with the tax laws. GAO was asked to (1) compare IRS's proposed FY 2008 budget to prior years' and assess...
Using Data from the Internal Revenue Service's National Research Program to Identify Potential Opportunities to Reduce the Tax Gap
GAO-07-423R: Published: Mar 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2007.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) most recently estimated that the gross tax gap--the difference between what taxpayers pay in taxes voluntarily and on time and what they should pay under the law--reached $345 billion for tax year 2001. The tax gap arises when taxpayers fail to comply with their individual income, corporate income, employment, estate, or excise tax obligations through (1) underre...
Tax Compliance: Multiple Approaches Are Needed to Reduce the Tax Gap
GAO-07-391T: Published: Jan 23, 2007. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2007.
The tax gap--the difference between the tax amounts taxpayers pay voluntarily and on time and what they should pay under the law--has been a long-standing problem in spite of many efforts to reduce it. Most recently, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimated a gross tax gap for tax year 2001 of $345 billion and estimated it would recover $55 billion of this gap, resulting in a net tax gap of $2...
Tax Administration: IRS Is Implementing the National Research Program as Planned
GAO-03-614: Published: Jun 16, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2003.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) needs up-to-date information on voluntary compliance in order to assess and improve its programs. IRS's last detailed study of voluntary compliance was done in the late 1980s, so the compliance information IRS is using today is not current. IRS is now carrying out the National Research Program (NRP), through which IRS auditors are reviewing about 47,000 randomly...
Compliance and Collection: Challenges for IRS in Reversing Trends and Implementing New Initiatives
GAO-03-732T: Published: May 7, 2003. Publicly Released: May 7, 2003.
Taxpayers' willingness to voluntarily comply with tax laws depends in part on their confidence that friends, neighbors, and business competitors are paying their fair share of taxes. The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) programs to ensure compliance and to collect delinquent taxes are viewed by many as critical for maintaining the public's confidence in our tax system. Congress asked GAO to presen...
Tax Administration: New Compliance Research Effort Is on Track, but Important Work Remains
GAO-02-769: Published: Jun 27, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2002.
The U.S. tax system is based on taxpayers voluntarily complying with the tax laws. However, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) last measured taxpayers' rate of compliance using 1988 tax returns. As time has passed, IRS has become concerned that its ability to understand the effectiveness of its programs and target audits on noncompliant returns has deteriorated, potentially resulting in poorer ser...
Tax Administration: Information on Selected IRS Tax Enforcement and Collection Efforts
GAO-01-589T: Published: Apr 5, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2001.
This testimony discusses (1) the relationship between Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audits of taxpayers and other programs IRS uses to ensure that taxpayers' returns are accurate and (2) how IRS is managing the increased workload in two of its programs--offers-in-compromise and innocent spouse claims. IRS audited more than 600,000 taxpayers in fiscal year 2000, either face-to-face or through the...
Pension Plans: IRS Programs for Resolving Deviations From Tax-Exemption Requirements
GGD-00-169: Published: Aug 14, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) programs for resolving pension-plan deviations from tax-exemption requirements, focusing on: (1) the frequency and types of pension plan qualification failures that were detected and corrected through IRS audits; (2) the frequency and types of pension plan qualification failures that were identified by pension p...