Federal taxes (21 - 30 of 75 items)
Internal Revenue Service: Procedural Changes Could Enhance Tax Collections
GAO-07-26: Published: Nov 15, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2006.
GAO previously testified that federal contractors abused the tax system with little consequence. While performing those audits, GAO noted that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) records sometimes contained inaccurate or outdated tax information that prevented IRS from taking appropriate collection actions against those contractors, including submitting their tax debt to the Federal Payment Levy Pr...
Tax Administration: Little Evidence of Procedural Errors in Collection Due Process Appeal Cases, but Opportunities Exist to Improve the Program
GAO-07-112: Published: Oct 6, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 2006.
As a result of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998, taxpayers facing liens or levies can request a Collection Due Process (CDP) appeal hearing with IRS's Office of Appeals (Appeals). By 2005, CDP cases represented about one-quarter of Appeals' workload. GAO was asked to provide information on (1) whether the IRS Collection function (Collection) erred in processi...
Federal Tax Policy: Information on Selected Capital Facilities Related to the Essential Governmental Function Test
GAO-06-1082: Published: Sep 13, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2006.
Unlike state and local governments, Indian tribal governments are in general restricted to using tax-exempt bonds for activities that are an "essential government function," where "essential government function" does not include functions not customarily performed by state and local governments. This restriction has been difficult to enforce by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and increased the...
Business Tax Reform: Simplification and Increased Uniformity of Taxation Would Yield Benefits
GAO-06-1113T: Published: Sep 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2006.
Business income taxes, both corporate and noncorporate, are a significant portion of federal tax revenue. Businesses also play a crucial role in collecting taxes from individuals, through withholding and information reporting. However, the design of the current system of business taxation is widely seen as flawed. It distorts investment decisions, hurting the performance of the economy. Its comple...
Tax-Exempt Sector: Governance, Transparency, and Oversight Are Critical for Maintaining Public Trust
GAO-05-561T: Published: Apr 20, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2005.
The tax-exempt sector under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code covers over a million-and-a-half entities of varying sizes and purposes. Its diversity allows it to address the needs of many citizens. To help it do so, Congress and some in the tax-exempt sector itself encourage good governance practices by exempt entities. Transparency over exempt entities' activities is aided by public acc...
Tax Administration: IRS Is Implementing the National Research Program as Planned
GAO-03-614: Published: Jun 16, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2003.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) needs up-to-date information on voluntary compliance in order to assess and improve its programs. IRS's last detailed study of voluntary compliance was done in the late 1980s, so the compliance information IRS is using today is not current. IRS is now carrying out the National Research Program (NRP), through which IRS auditors are reviewing about 47,000 randomly...
Tax Administration: New Compliance Research Effort Is on Track, but Important Work Remains
GAO-02-769: Published: Jun 27, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2002.
The U.S. tax system is based on taxpayers voluntarily complying with the tax laws. However, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) last measured taxpayers' rate of compliance using 1988 tax returns. As time has passed, IRS has become concerned that its ability to understand the effectiveness of its programs and target audits on noncompliant returns has deteriorated, potentially resulting in poorer ser...
Tax Administration: Tax Requirements of Small Businesses
GGD-99-133: Published: Aug 24, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on small business tax requirements, focusing on: (1) the federal filing, reporting, and deposit requirements that apply to small businesses; and (2) the actual experience of small businesses in meeting these requirements, including their involvement in the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) enforcement process.GAO noted that: (1) small bu...
Tax Policy and Administration: 1996 Annual Report on GAO's Tax-Related Work
GGD-97-122: Published: Jul 1, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1997.
GAO summarized the studies it issued during fiscal year 1996 to Congress and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the statements it made before Congress and the National Commission on Restructuring the Internal Revenue Service.GAO noted that it published 50 reports in 6 broad areas: (1) IRS management and budget; (2) individual and business tax issues; (3) customer service; (4) submission proces...
Tax Administration: Employment Taxes and Small Business
T-GGD-97-21: Published: Nov 8, 1996. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1996.
GAO discussed the impact of various employment tax laws and regulations on small businesses hiring their first employees and all employees thereafter. GAO noted that: (1) employment tax compliance can be particularly burdensome to employers because of multiple federal, state, and local taxes; (2) each tax generally requires it own unique set of rules, regulations, and exceptions, which makes compl...