Tax law (111 - 120 of 311 items)
Tax Administration: Income Tax Treatment of Married and Single Individuals
GGD-96-175: Published: Sep 3, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on certain income tax code provisions that result in marriage penalties or marriage bonuses, focusing on: (1) those income tax provisions that depend on taxpayers' marital status for their applicability; and (2) the number of taxpayers affected by marriage penalties or bonuses.GAO found that: (1) there are 59 provisions in the income ta...
GGD-96-116R: Published: Jun 19, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on grassroots lobbying expenses reported by charitable organizations. GAO noted that: (1) the data presented understates total grassroots lobbying expenditures, since charitable organizations do not report their lobbying expenses unless they elect to be subject to a certain tax code provision; (2) churches and church-affiliated groups d...
Tax Administration: Issues in Classifying Workers as Employees or Independent Contractors
T-GGD-96-130: Published: Jun 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1996.
GAO discussed the classification of workers as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has adopted 20 common law rules to help employers classify workers; (2) the rules require employers to withhold and deposit income and social security taxes, and pay the unemployment and social security taxes for workers determined to...
Tax System: Issues in Tax Compliance Burden
T-GGD-96-100: Published: Apr 3, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1996.
GAO discussed business and individual taxpayers' federal tax compliance burden. GAO noted that: (1) the compliance burden is due to the tax code's complexity, ambiguous language, and frequent changes; (2) many businesses are uncertain about what they must do to comply with the code; (3) recordkeeping, time-consuming calculations, the interplay of state and local tax requirements, and Internal Reve...
Tax Policy and Administration: 1995 Annual Report on GAO's Tax-Related Work
GGD-96-61: Published: Mar 8, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO summarized its work on tax policy and administration during fiscal year (FY) 1995, including: (1) actions federal agencies took in response to its recommendations as of December 31, 1995; (2) recommendations made to Congress before and during FY 1995 that remain open; and (3) assignments for which it received authorized access to tax information.GAO noted...
Tax Administration: IRS Faces Challenges in Reorganizing for Customer Service
GGD-96-3: Published: Oct 10, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 1995.
GAO reviewed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) progress in realizing its plan for improving its customer service, focusing on: (1) IRS customer service goals and its plans to meet these goals; (2) the difficulty IRS has in meeting these goals; (3) current management concerns; and (4) important challenges IRS faces.GAO found that: (1) IRS customer service goals are to provide better service to t...
Tax Administration: Recurring Issues in Tax Disputes Over Business Expense Deductions
GGD-95-232: Published: Sep 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified the issues that cause the most frequent disputes between the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and taxpayers in connection with section 162 of the tax code.GAO found that: (1) of the 185 Tax Court petitions reviewed, sole proprietors, small- and medium-sized corporations, and individuals claiming employee business expenses disagreed with IRS most of...
Tax Policy and Administration: California Taxes on Multinational Corporations and Related Federal Issues
GGD-95-171: Published: Jul 11, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) California's experience in conducting formulary apportionment audits of multinational corporations; and (2) issues that would have to be considered before adopting a formulary system at the federal level.GAO found that: (1) under worldwide formulary apportionment, California first had to determine whether California corporations...
Tax Administration: Issues Involving Worker Classification
T-GGD-95-224: Published: Aug 2, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1995.
GAO discussed the classification of workers either as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has maintained an active audit presence despite the high levels of income tax noncompliance involving independent contractors; (2) from 1988 through 1994, IRS completed 11,380 Employment Tax Examination Program audits, resulting...
Tax-Exempt Organizations: Additional Information on Activities and IRS Oversight
T-GGD-95-198: Published: Jun 29, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 1995.
GAO discussed the activities of tax-exempt organizations and the revenue resulting from these activities. GAO noted that: (1) the tax-exempt community is dominated by several categories of organizations and characterized by the concentration of resources among larger organizations; (2) many larger tax-exempt organizations rely on income-producing activities to fund their operations; (3) in 1993, a...