Federal taxes (11 - 20 of 64 items)
Tax Administration: Telephone Excise Tax Refund Requests Are Fewer Than Projected and Have Had Minimal Impact on IRS Services
GAO-07-695: Published: Apr 11, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2007.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is implementing three tax system changes during the 2007 filing season that potentially could impact compliance by taxpayers as well as IRS's service to taxpayers. These changes are (1) the telephone excise tax refund (TETR), which can be requested by all individuals and entities that paid the excise tax regardless of whether they have an obligation to file a tax...
Taxpayer Advocate Service: Caseload Has Grown and Taxpayers Report Being Satisfied, but Additional Measures of Efficiency and Effectiveness Are Needed
GAO-07-156: Published: Feb 22, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2007.
Congress created the Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) to assist taxpayers in resolving problems with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and to propose changes to IRS's practices to mitigate problems affecting taxpayers in general. TAS uses case advocacy and systemic advocacy, respectively, to address these two goals. GAO was asked to address (1) why TAS's caseload has increased since 2004, (2) how...
Internal Revenue Service: Procedural Changes Could Enhance Tax Collections
GAO-07-26: Published: Nov 15, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2006.
GAO previously testified that federal contractors abused the tax system with little consequence. While performing those audits, GAO noted that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) records sometimes contained inaccurate or outdated tax information that prevented IRS from taking appropriate collection actions against those contractors, including submitting their tax debt to the Federal Payment Levy Pr...
Business Tax Reform: Simplification and Increased Uniformity of Taxation Would Yield Benefits
GAO-06-1113T: Published: Sep 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2006.
Business income taxes, both corporate and noncorporate, are a significant portion of federal tax revenue. Businesses also play a crucial role in collecting taxes from individuals, through withholding and information reporting. However, the design of the current system of business taxation is widely seen as flawed. It distorts investment decisions, hurting the performance of the economy. Its comple...
Individual Income Tax Policy: Streamlining, Simplification, and Additional Reforms Are Desirable
GAO-06-1028T: Published: Aug 3, 2006. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2006.
The federal government currently relies heavily on the individual income tax and payroll taxes for about 80 percent of its total annual revenue. Long-range projections show that without some form of policy change, the gap between revenues and spending will increasingly widen. The debate about the future tax system is partly about whether the goals for the nation's tax system can be best achieved b...
Tax Policy: Summary of Estimates of the Costs of the Federal Tax System
GAO-05-878: Published: Aug 26, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2005.
In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, the amount of taxes paid does not reflect the total cost to taxpayers of the federal tax system. In addition to taxes paid, taxpayers also bear compliance costs and efficiency costs. Understanding the magnitude of th...
Understanding the Tax Reform Debate: Background, Criteria, and Questions
GAO-05-1009SP: Published: Sep 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2005.
Taxes are necessary because they fund the services provided by government. In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of gross domestic product. Beyond funding government, the federal tax system has profound effects on the economy as a whole and on individual taxpayers, both for today and tomorrow. T...
Tax-Exempt Sector: Governance, Transparency, and Oversight Are Critical for Maintaining Public Trust
GAO-05-561T: Published: Apr 20, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2005.
The tax-exempt sector under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code covers over a million-and-a-half entities of varying sizes and purposes. Its diversity allows it to address the needs of many citizens. To help it do so, Congress and some in the tax-exempt sector itself encourage good governance practices by exempt entities. Transparency over exempt entities' activities is aided by public acc...
Tax Debt Collection: IRS Is Addressing Critical Success Factors for Contracting Out but Will Need to Study the Best Use of Resources
GAO-04-492: Published: May 24, 2004. Publicly Released: May 24, 2004.
Congress is considering legislation to authorize IRS to contract with private collection agencies (PCA) and to pay them out of the tax revenue that they collect. Some have expressed concerns that this proposal might be unsuccessful, inefficient, or result in taxpayers being mistreated or having their private tax information compromised. This report discusses (1) the critical success factors for co...
Earned Income Credit: Qualifying Child Certification Test Appears Justified, but Evaluation Plan Is Incomplete
GAO-03-794: Published: Sep 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2003.
The Earned Income Credit (EIC), a tax credit available to the working poor, has experienced high rates of noncompliance. Unlike many benefit programs, EIC recipients generally receive payments without advance, formal determinations of eligibility; the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) checks some taxpayers' eligibility later. IRS estimated that tax year 1999 EIC overclaim rates, the most recent data...