Tax law (71 - 80 of 195 items)
Taxpayer Compliance: Analyzing the Nature of the Income Tax Gap
T-GGD-97-35: Published: Jan 9, 1997. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 1997.
GAO discussed the income tax gap, the difference between income taxes owed and those voluntarily paid. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) data suggest that U.S. taxpayers voluntarily pay about 83 percent of the income taxes they owe and ultimately pay about 87 percent after IRS enforcement programs; (2) this compliance level, in combination with economic growth, translates in...
Tax Administration: Employment Taxes and Small Business
T-GGD-97-21: Published: Nov 8, 1996. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1996.
GAO discussed the impact of various employment tax laws and regulations on small businesses hiring their first employees and all employees thereafter. GAO noted that: (1) employment tax compliance can be particularly burdensome to employers because of multiple federal, state, and local taxes; (2) each tax generally requires it own unique set of rules, regulations, and exceptions, which makes compl...
Tax Policy: Analysis of Certain Potential Effects of Extending Federal Income Taxation to Puerto Rico
GGD-96-127: Published: Aug 15, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the potential effects of extending the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) to residents of Puerto Rico.GAO found that if IRC tax rules are applied to residents of Puerto Rico: (1) the residents would owe around $623 million in federal income tax before taking into account the earned income tax credit (EITC); (2) the aggregate amount of EITC...
Tax Administration: Income Tax Treatment of Married and Single Individuals
GGD-96-175: Published: Sep 3, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on certain income tax code provisions that result in marriage penalties or marriage bonuses, focusing on: (1) those income tax provisions that depend on taxpayers' marital status for their applicability; and (2) the number of taxpayers affected by marriage penalties or bonuses.GAO found that: (1) there are 59 provisions in the income ta...
Tax Administration: Issues in Classifying Workers as Employees or Independent Contractors
T-GGD-96-130: Published: Jun 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1996.
GAO discussed the classification of workers as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has adopted 20 common law rules to help employers classify workers; (2) the rules require employers to withhold and deposit income and social security taxes, and pay the unemployment and social security taxes for workers determined to...
Tax System: Issues in Tax Compliance Burden
T-GGD-96-100: Published: Apr 3, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1996.
GAO discussed business and individual taxpayers' federal tax compliance burden. GAO noted that: (1) the compliance burden is due to the tax code's complexity, ambiguous language, and frequent changes; (2) many businesses are uncertain about what they must do to comply with the code; (3) recordkeeping, time-consuming calculations, the interplay of state and local tax requirements, and Internal Reve...
Tax Policy and Administration: 1995 Annual Report on GAO's Tax-Related Work
GGD-96-61: Published: Mar 8, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO summarized its work on tax policy and administration during fiscal year (FY) 1995, including: (1) actions federal agencies took in response to its recommendations as of December 31, 1995; (2) recommendations made to Congress before and during FY 1995 that remain open; and (3) assignments for which it received authorized access to tax information.GAO noted...
Tax Administration: Recurring Issues in Tax Disputes Over Business Expense Deductions
GGD-95-232: Published: Sep 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified the issues that cause the most frequent disputes between the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and taxpayers in connection with section 162 of the tax code.GAO found that: (1) of the 185 Tax Court petitions reviewed, sole proprietors, small- and medium-sized corporations, and individuals claiming employee business expenses disagreed with IRS most of...
Tax Policy and Administration: California Taxes on Multinational Corporations and Related Federal Issues
GGD-95-171: Published: Jul 11, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) California's experience in conducting formulary apportionment audits of multinational corporations; and (2) issues that would have to be considered before adopting a formulary system at the federal level.GAO found that: (1) under worldwide formulary apportionment, California first had to determine whether California corporations...
Tax Administration: Issues Involving Worker Classification
T-GGD-95-224: Published: Aug 2, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1995.
GAO discussed the classification of workers either as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has maintained an active audit presence despite the high levels of income tax noncompliance involving independent contractors; (2) from 1988 through 1994, IRS completed 11,380 Employment Tax Examination Program audits, resulting...