Taxes (31 - 40 of 55 items)
Tax Expenditures: Information on Employer-Provided Educational Assistance
GGD-97-28: Published: Dec 19, 1996. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reported on employer-provided educational assistance between 1992 and 1994 under section 127 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), focusing on: (1) the characteristics of employers providing educational assistance, such as the number of providers and their size; (2) employees eligible for and receiving it, such as the number of recipients and their level of s...
Tax Administration: Employment Taxes and Small Business
T-GGD-97-21: Published: Nov 8, 1996. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1996.
GAO discussed the impact of various employment tax laws and regulations on small businesses hiring their first employees and all employees thereafter. GAO noted that: (1) employment tax compliance can be particularly burdensome to employers because of multiple federal, state, and local taxes; (2) each tax generally requires it own unique set of rules, regulations, and exceptions, which makes compl...
Tax Administration: Issues Involving Worker Classification
T-GGD-95-224: Published: Aug 2, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1995.
GAO discussed the classification of workers either as employees or independent contractors for federal tax purposes. GAO noted that: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has maintained an active audit presence despite the high levels of income tax noncompliance involving independent contractors; (2) from 1988 through 1994, IRS completed 11,380 Employment Tax Examination Program audits, resulting...
Reducing the Tax Gap: Results of a GAO-Sponsored Symposium
GGD-95-157: Published: Jun 2, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1995.
GAO presented the results of its symposium on key taxpayer compliance issues.GAO found that: (1) the federal tax system does not ensure uniform compliance among various groups of taxpayers; (2) major modifications in the current tax system would be required to substantially improve taxpayer compliance with tax laws, such as reducing tax law complexity and extending income tax withholding requireme...
Social Security: Trust Funds Can Be More Accurately Funded
HEHS-94-48: Published: Sep 2, 1994. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effect of unreported tax-exempt income on the taxation of social security benefits, focusing on: (1) additional compliance measures that would improve the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) ability to assess and collect social security benefit taxes; and (2) how the Department of the Treasury and IRS determine the amount of revenue owed to social...
Tax Administration: Improving Independent Contractor Compliance with Tax Laws
T-GGD-94-194: Published: Aug 4, 1994. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1994.
GAO discussed how health care reform would affect independent contractors' compliance with tax laws. GAO noted that: (1) implementing a health care reform plan that forces employers to pay the majority of their employees' health insurance premiums could lead to many employers reclassifying their employees as independent contractors; (2) a large-scale reclassification of employees could jeopardize...
FmHA Forgiven Debts
GGD-94-25R: Published: Nov 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed information on loans that have been forgiven by the Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) and other government agencies, focusing on: (1) the tax implications of debt forgiveness; (2) whether forgiven debts are taxable; and (3) the implications of taxing such debts. GAO found that: (1) taxpayers are required to report their forgiven debts as income; (...
Corporate Taxes: Many Benefits and Few Costs to Reporting Net Operating Loss Carryover
GGD-93-131: Published: Sep 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on corporate net operating losses (NOL), focusing on: (1) corporate NOL carryovers from past years; (2) Internal Revenue Service (IRS) taxpayer instructions on how to use NOL carryovers; (3) an IRS proposal to modify corporate tax returns to include the reporting of NOL carryover amounts; and (4) IRS enforcement efforts on NOL and net o...
Tax Administration: Information Returns Can Improve Reporting of Forgiven Debts
GGD-93-42: Published: Feb 17, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) should require lenders to report taxpayers' forgiven debts, focusing on the potential effects on voluntary compliance if the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) were required to report forgiven debt information to IRS.GAO found that: (1) in 1986, 1 percen...
Tax Administration: Approaches for Improving Independent Contractor Compliance
GGD-92-108: Published: Jul 23, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the tax administration effects of the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) Employment Tax Examination Program, focusing on examining small business compliance using the common-law rules for classifying workers as either employees or independent contractors.GAO found that: (1) common-law rules for differentiating an employee from an independent contract...