Tax returns (21 - 30 of 71 items)
Tax Gap: IRS Could Do More to Promote Compliance by Third Parties with Miscellaneous Income Reporting Requirements
GAO-09-238: Published: Jan 28, 2009. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2009.
Third party payers, often businesses, reported $6 trillion in miscellaneous income payments to IRS in tax year 2006 on Form 1099- MISC information returns. Payees are to report this income on their tax returns. Even a small share of payers failing to submit 1099-MISCs could result in billions of dollars of unreported payments. IRS data suggest that payees are more likely to report income on their...
Tax Gap: Actions That Could Improve Rental Real Estate Reporting Compliance
GAO-08-956: Published: Aug 28, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2008.
As part of its most recent estimate of the tax gap, for tax year 2001, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimated that individuals underreported taxes related to their rental real estate activities by as much as $13 billion. Given the magnitude of underreporting, even small improvements in taxpayer compliance could result in substantial revenue. GAO was asked to provide information on rental rea...
Tax Administration: Comparison of the Reported Tax Liabilities of Foreign- and U.S.-Controlled Corporations, 1998-2005
GAO-08-957: Published: Jul 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 2008.
Concerns about transfer pricing abuse have led researchers to compare the tax liabilities of foreign- and U.S.-controlled corporations. (Transfer prices are the prices related companies charge on intercompany transactions.) However, such comparisons are complicated because other factors may explain the differences in reported tax liabilities. In three prior reports, GAO found differences in the pe...
Highlights of the Joint Forum on Tax Compliance: Options for Improvement and Their Budgetary Potential
GAO-08-703SP: Published: Jun 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2008.
The tax gap--the difference between the tax amounts taxpayers pay voluntarily and on time and what they should pay under the law--has been a long-standing problem in spite of many efforts to reduce it. When some taxpayers fail to comply, the burden of funding the nation's commitments falls more heavily on compliant taxpayers. reducing the tax gap would help improve the nation's fiscal stability. F...
Tax Compliance: Qualified Intermediary Program Provides Some Assurance That Taxes on Foreign Investors Are Withheld and Reported, but Can Be Improved
GAO-08-99: Published: Dec 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 2008.
U.S. source income flows to recipients offshore through foreign financial institutions and U.S. withholding agents. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) established the Qualified Intermediary (QI) program to improve tax withholding and reporting on such income. QIs are foreign financial institutions that contract with IRS to withhold and report U.S. tax. GAO was asked to (1) describe program feature...
Advance Earned Income Tax Credit: Low Use and Small Dollars Paid Impede IRS's Efforts to Reduce High Noncompliance
GAO-07-1110: Published: Aug 10, 2007. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2007.
The Advance Earned Income Tax Credit (AEITC) allows individuals to receive a portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) in their paychecks, instead of receiving all of it when filing their year-end tax return. Limited research has been conducted on the AEITC since GAO last examined it in the early 1990s. GAO was asked to determine (1) how many individuals received the AEITC compared with the E...
Tax Gap: A Strategy for Reducing the Gap Should Include Options for Addressing Sole Proprietor Noncompliance
GAO-07-1014: Published: Jul 13, 2007. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2007.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimates that $68 billion of the annual $345 billion gross tax gap for 2001 was due to sole proprietors, who own unincorporated businesses by themselves, underreporting their net income by 57 percent. A key reason for this underreporting is well known. Unlike wage and some investment income, sole proprietors' income is not subject to withholding and only a porti...
Tax Administration: Status of IRS' Efforts to Develop Measures of Voluntary Compliance
GAO-01-535: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2001.
The U.S. tax system is based on voluntary reporting. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) reviews all tax returns after they are filed to ensure compliance with tax laws governing this voluntary system. Despite these efforts, each year billions of dollars in taxes owed are not voluntarily reported and paid, which could result in reduced revenue to fund federal programs, higher tax rates, or both. Th...
Tax Administration: IRS Is Working to Improve Its Estimates of Compliance Burden
GGD-00-11: Published: May 22, 2000. Publicly Released: May 23, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the status of the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) efforts to improve its estimates of taxpayer compliance burden, focusing on: (1) IRS' overall strategy to improve its methodology for estimating compliance burden; (2) what IRS has done to begin implementing its overall strategy and how IRS expects this to improve its methodology; an...
Tax Administration: Tracking Taxpayer Information About IRS Notices Could Reduce Burden
GGD-00-54: Published: Mar 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) efforts to track taxpayer information about IRS notices, focusing on: (1) whether IRS tracks information about notices from individual taxpayers who call IRS; and (2) if not, whether such a tracking system could be useful and feasible.GAO noted that: (1) IRS does not track information during telep...