Taxes (41 - 50 of 129 items)
Internal Revenue Service: Assessment of the 2008 Budget Request and an Update of 2007 Performance
GAO-07-719T: Published: May 9, 2007. Publicly Released: May 9, 2007.
The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) budget request shows how IRS intends to balance spending for enforcement and taxpayer service, including spending for new initiatives and the Business Systems Modernization (BSM) program. A combination of enforcement and taxpayer service promotes compliance with the tax laws. GAO was asked to (1) compare IRS's proposed FY 2008 budget to prior years' and assess...
Tax Compliance: Challenges in Ensuring Offshore Tax Compliance
GAO-07-823T: Published: May 3, 2007. Publicly Released: May 3, 2007.
Offshore tax evasion is difficult for the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to address. IRS examines tax returns to deal with offshore evasion that has occurred. IRS's Qualified Intermediary (QI) program seeks to foster improved tax withholding and reporting. GAO was asked to testify on two topics. First, GAO was asked to provide information on (1) the length of, and assessments from, IRS's examinati...
2007 Tax Filing Season: Interim Results and Updates of Previous Assessments of Paid Preparers and IRS's Modernization and Compliance Research Efforts
GAO-07-720T: Published: Apr 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2007.
The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) tax filing season performance is a key indicator of how well IRS serves taxpayers. This year's filing season was expected to be risky because of tax system changes, including the telephone excise tax refund (TETR) which can be requested by all individuals and entities that paid the excise tax. GAO was asked to describe IRS's service to taxpayers so far this fil...
Business Tax Reform: Simplification and Increased Uniformity of Taxation Would Yield Benefits
GAO-06-1113T: Published: Sep 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2006.
Business income taxes, both corporate and noncorporate, are a significant portion of federal tax revenue. Businesses also play a crucial role in collecting taxes from individuals, through withholding and information reporting. However, the design of the current system of business taxation is widely seen as flawed. It distorts investment decisions, hurting the performance of the economy. Its comple...
Individual Income Tax Policy: Streamlining, Simplification, and Additional Reforms Are Desirable
GAO-06-1028T: Published: Aug 3, 2006. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2006.
The federal government currently relies heavily on the individual income tax and payroll taxes for about 80 percent of its total annual revenue. Long-range projections show that without some form of policy change, the gap between revenues and spending will increasingly widen. The debate about the future tax system is partly about whether the goals for the nation's tax system can be best achieved b...
Tax Compliance: Challenges to Corporate Tax Enforcement and Options to Improve Securities Basis Reporting
GAO-06-851T: Published: Jun 13, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2006.
Corporate income taxes are expected to bring in about $277 billion in 2006 to help fund the activities of the federal government. Besides raising revenue, the tax alters investment decisions and raises concerns about competitiveness in an environment of increasing global interdependency. The complexity of the tax breeds tax avoidance, including an estimated $32 billion of noncompliance detected by...
Understanding the Tax Reform Debate: Background, Criteria, and Questions
GAO-05-1009SP: Published: Sep 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2005.
Taxes are necessary because they fund the services provided by government. In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of gross domestic product. Beyond funding government, the federal tax system has profound effects on the economy as a whole and on individual taxpayers, both for today and tomorrow. T...
Tax Compliance: Better Compliance Data and Long-term Goals Would Support a More Strategic IRS Approach to Reducing the Tax Gap
GAO-05-753: Published: Jul 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2005.
According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), a gap arises each year between what taxpayers pay accurately and on time in taxes and what they should pay under the law. The tax gap is composed of underreporting of tax liabilities on tax returns, underpaying of taxes due from filed returns, and nonfiling of required tax returns altogether or on time. GAO was asked to provide information on (1) th...
Tax Policy: Historical Tax Treatment of INTELSAT and Current Tax Rules for Satellite Corporations
GAO-04-994: Published: Sep 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2004.
The International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT)--an intergovernmental organization launched in 1964 to design, develop, and operate a commercial telecommunications satellite system--enjoyed certain privileges that domestic companies do not, including some related to taxation. Each member nation designated a Signatory to participate as an investor. The U.S. Signatory was COMS...
District of Columbia: Fiscal Structural Balance Issues
GAO-02-1001: Published: Sep 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 2002.
The District of Columbia has historically faced many challenges due to its unique circumstances and role as the nation's capital. After several years of struggling with financial crises and insolvency in the early 1990s, the District has significantly improved its financial condition by achieving five consecutive balanced budgets, an upgraded bond rating, and unqualified or "clean" opinions on its...