Income taxes (121 - 130 of 360 items)
Tax Administration: IRS's Efforts to Improve Compliance With Employment Tax Requirements Should Be Evaluated
GAO-02-92: Published: Jan 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2002.
Employers are required to withhold amounts from their employees' salary to cover individual federal income tax, Social Security, and Medicare taxes; match the amounts for Social Security and Medicare taxes; and deposit these amounts with the U.S. Treasury. In fiscal year 2000, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collected $1.3 trillion in this manner. Most employers withhold and deposit these taxes...
Tax Administration: Electronic Filing's Past and Future Impact on Processing Costs Dependent on Several Factors
GAO-02-205: Published: Jan 10, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2002.
From fiscal years 1997 through 2000, the number of individual and business tax returns filed electronically increased from 23 million to 41 million. During the same period, the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) expenditures for submission processing grew from $795 million to $924 million, an increase of 16 percent. Because it costs less to process an electronic return than a paper return, a growth...
Earned Income Tax Credit Eligibility and Participation
GAO-02-290R: Published: Dec 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 2002.
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EIC), which is expected to provide more than $20 billion in refundable tax credits in fiscal year 2002, is intended to offset the burden of the Social Security payroll tax on low-income workers and encourage low-income individuals to work. About 75 percent of the 17.2 million eligible households have claimed the credit. GAO found that the participation rate varied by...
Tax Administration: Assessment of IRS' 2001 Tax Filing Season
GAO-02-144: Published: Dec 21, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 2001.
GAO assessed the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) performance in the following five key tax filing season activities: (1) processing individual tax returns and refunds, (2) increasing the extent to which individual income tax returns are filed electronically, (3) answering telephone calls and providing quality telephone service, (4) providing accurate and timely face-to-face assistance at its Taxp...
IRS Audit Rates: Rate for Individual Taxpayers Has Declined But Effect on Compliance Is Unknown
GAO-01-484: Published: Apr 25, 2001. Publicly Released: May 25, 2001.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) does various compliance checks to ensure the accuracy of information reported on taxpayers' returns. In recent years, the audit rate--the proportion of tax returns that IRS audits each year--has drawn attention because of a long-term decline in audit rates and the differences in audit rates for lower and higher income individuals. This report (1) describes the ch...
Tax Deductions: Estimates of Taxpayers Who May Have Overpaid Federal Taxes by Not Itemizing
GAO-01-529: Published: Apr 12, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2001.
When computing their federal taxes, taxpayers either claim a standard deduction or itemize deductions. This report estimates (1) the number of taxpayers who may have overpaid their taxes by claiming the standard deduction instead of itemizing their deductions, and (2) the amount of taxes they may have overpaid. On about 510,000 individual tax returns in tax year 1998, GAO found that taxpayers did...
Tax Administration: IRS Can Help Taxpayers Reduce the Need for Tax Abatements
GAO-01-328: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2001.
About one million taxpayers per year, as well as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), incur costs to abate tax assessments created due to tax exemption errors. Avoiding the errors, or correcting them earlier, could reduce the burden on taxpayers of complying with tax laws. IRS has taken one step intended to help taxpayers avoid these errors--revising instructions for claiming exemptions. In anothe...
Alternative Minimum Tax: Overview of Its Rationale and Impact on Individual Taxpayers
GAO-01-500T: Published: Mar 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2001.
This testimony focuses on the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT), its interaction with the regular tax system, and its projected growth in coverage. GAO found that (1) AMT was designed to ensure that high-income individuals do not avoid significant income tax liabilities--for tax year 1997, about 14,000 taxpayers would not have paid any income taxes absent AMT, (2) AMT operates as a separate tax system...
Federal Taxes: Information on Payroll Taxes and Earned Income Tax Credit Noncompliance
GAO-01-487T: Published: Mar 7, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2001.
This testimony discusses (1) how payroll taxes fund Social Security and the Medicare Hospital Insurance (HI) programs and (2) noncompliance associated with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and efforts to deal with that noncompliance. Payroll taxes fund the Social Security Program and the Medicare HI program. These taxes are paid in equal portions by employees and their employers. Employees and...
Alternative Minimum Tax: An Overview of Its Rationale and Impact on Individual Taxpayers
GGD-00-180: Published: Aug 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the alternative minimum tax (AMT) system, focusing on: (1) the rationale for establishing AMT; (2) how AMT affects taxpayers' tax liability; (3) the expected increase in AMT coverage and additional tax liability and the major reasons for the increase; and (4) the impact of the projected increase in AMT coverage on taxpayers' complian...