Taxpayers (31 - 40 of 134 items)
Individual Income Tax Policy: Streamlining, Simplification, and Additional Reforms Are Desirable
GAO-06-1028T: Published: Aug 3, 2006. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2006.
The federal government currently relies heavily on the individual income tax and payroll taxes for about 80 percent of its total annual revenue. Long-range projections show that without some form of policy change, the gap between revenues and spending will increasingly widen. The debate about the future tax system is partly about whether the goals for the nation's tax system can be best achieved b...
Tax Policy: Summary of Estimates of the Costs of the Federal Tax System
GAO-05-878: Published: Aug 26, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2005.
In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, the amount of taxes paid does not reflect the total cost to taxpayers of the federal tax system. In addition to taxes paid, taxpayers also bear compliance costs and efficiency costs. Understanding the magnitude of th...
Understanding the Tax Reform Debate: Background, Criteria, and Questions
GAO-05-1009SP: Published: Sep 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2005.
Taxes are necessary because they fund the services provided by government. In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of gross domestic product. Beyond funding government, the federal tax system has profound effects on the economy as a whole and on individual taxpayers, both for today and tomorrow. T...
Tax Shelters: Services Provided by External Auditors
GAO-05-171: Published: Feb 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2005.
Recent legislative and regulatory changes have addressed the relationship between auditor-provided tax services and auditor independence. At this time, the federal regulatory community is exploring further changes. To contribute to the discussion surrounding these changes, GAO's objectives were to determine (1) according to Internal Revenue Service (IRS) data, how many Fortune 500 companies obtain...
Opportunities to Improve Timeliness of IRS Lien Releases
GAO-05-26R: Published: Jan 10, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2005.
Among the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) many tools to collect outstanding taxes is its ability to use the property of a taxpayer as security for an outstanding tax debt. IRS exercises this power when it files a federal tax lien against the property of a taxpayer. As part of its tax collection activities, IRS reported filing more than 548,000 tax liens against taxpayer property in fiscal year 20...
International Taxation: Tax Haven Companies Were More Likely to Have a Tax Cost Advantage in Federal Contracting
GAO-04-856: Published: Jun 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 27, 2004.
The federal government was involved in about 8.6 million contract actions, including new contract awards, worth over $250 billion in fiscal year 2002. Some of these contracts were awarded to tax haven contractors, that is, U.S. subsidiaries of corporate parents located in tax haven countries. Concerns have been raised that these contractors may have an unfair cost advantage when competing for fede...
Tax Debt Collection: IRS Is Addressing Critical Success Factors for Contracting Out but Will Need to Study the Best Use of Resources
GAO-04-492: Published: May 24, 2004. Publicly Released: May 24, 2004.
Congress is considering legislation to authorize IRS to contract with private collection agencies (PCA) and to pay them out of the tax revenue that they collect. Some have expressed concerns that this proposal might be unsuccessful, inefficient, or result in taxpayers being mistreated or having their private tax information compromised. This report discusses (1) the critical success factors for co...
Tax Administration: Information on Expenses Claimed by Small Business Sole Proprietorships
GAO-04-304: Published: Jan 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2004.
Meeting the requirements of tax rules can be especially burdensome to small business sole proprietorships that independently own their businesses. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) data show that, compared to other taxpayer groups, sole proprietorships have more problems complying with their tax obligations. Simplifying how sole proprietorships account for and report expenses may ease their burden an...
Tax Administration: IRS Issued Advanced Child Tax Credit Payments on Time but Should Study Lessons Learned
GAO-04-372: Published: Feb 17, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2004.
The Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 provided eligible taxpayers up to $400 in advance Child Tax Credit (ACTC) payments. GAO was asked for information on (1) the number, dollar amount, and timeliness of the ACTC payments, (2) the impact on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS') toll-free telephone service, (3) the cost to IRS and the Financial Management Service (FMS) for imple...
Tax Administration: Most Taxpayers Believe They Benefit from Paid Tax Preparers, but Oversight for IRS Is a Challenge
GAO-04-70: Published: Oct 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 12, 2003.
Over 55 percent of the nearly 130 million taxpayers in tax year 2001 used a paid tax preparer. However, using a preparer may not assure that taxpayers pay the least amount due. Last year, GAO estimated that as many as 2 million taxpayers overpaid their 1998 taxes by $945 million because they failed to itemize deductions and half of these used preparers. GAO was asked to (1) obtain the views of tax...