Tax administration (31 - 40 of 145 items)
Understanding the Tax Reform Debate: Background, Criteria, and Questions
GAO-05-1009SP: Published: Sep 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2005.
Taxes are necessary because they fund the services provided by government. In 2005, Americans will pay about $2.1 trillion in combined federal taxes, including income, payroll, and excise taxes, or about 16.8 percent of gross domestic product. Beyond funding government, the federal tax system has profound effects on the economy as a whole and on individual taxpayers, both for today and tomorrow. T...
Tax-Exempt Sector: Governance, Transparency, and Oversight Are Critical for Maintaining Public Trust
GAO-05-561T: Published: Apr 20, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2005.
The tax-exempt sector under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code covers over a million-and-a-half entities of varying sizes and purposes. Its diversity allows it to address the needs of many citizens. To help it do so, Congress and some in the tax-exempt sector itself encourage good governance practices by exempt entities. Transparency over exempt entities' activities is aided by public acc...
Tax Shelters: Services Provided by External Auditors
GAO-05-171: Published: Feb 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2005.
Recent legislative and regulatory changes have addressed the relationship between auditor-provided tax services and auditor independence. At this time, the federal regulatory community is exploring further changes. To contribute to the discussion surrounding these changes, GAO's objectives were to determine (1) according to Internal Revenue Service (IRS) data, how many Fortune 500 companies obtain...
Opportunities to Improve Timeliness of IRS Lien Releases
GAO-05-26R: Published: Jan 10, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2005.
Among the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) many tools to collect outstanding taxes is its ability to use the property of a taxpayer as security for an outstanding tax debt. IRS exercises this power when it files a federal tax lien against the property of a taxpayer. As part of its tax collection activities, IRS reported filing more than 548,000 tax liens against taxpayer property in fiscal year 20...
International Taxation: Tax Haven Companies Were More Likely to Have a Tax Cost Advantage in Federal Contracting
GAO-04-856: Published: Jun 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 27, 2004.
The federal government was involved in about 8.6 million contract actions, including new contract awards, worth over $250 billion in fiscal year 2002. Some of these contracts were awarded to tax haven contractors, that is, U.S. subsidiaries of corporate parents located in tax haven countries. Concerns have been raised that these contractors may have an unfair cost advantage when competing for fede...
Tax Administration: Comparison of the Reported Tax Liabilities of Foreign- and U.S.-Controlled Corporations, 1996-2000
GAO-04-358: Published: Feb 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2004.
In prior reports, GAO found differences in the percentages of foreign-controlled corporations (FCC) and U.S.-controlled corporations (USCC) reporting no tax liability. Based on concerns that FCCs could be avoiding taxes by improperly shifting income to lower tax countries, GAO was asked to compare, for the years 1996 through 2000, (1) FCCs and USCCs, based on the tax liabilities they reported on t...
International Taxation: Information on Federal Contractors With Offshore Subsidiaries
GAO-04-293: Published: Feb 2, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2004.
Every year, U.S.-based multinational corporations transfer hundreds of billions of dollars of goods and services between their affiliates in the United States and their foreign subsidiaries. Such transactions may be a part of normal business operations for corporations with foreign subsidiaries. However, it is generally recognized that given the variation in corporate tax rates across countries, a...
Tax Administration: Most Taxpayers Believe They Benefit from Paid Tax Preparers, but Oversight for IRS Is a Challenge
GAO-04-70: Published: Oct 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 12, 2003.
Over 55 percent of the nearly 130 million taxpayers in tax year 2001 used a paid tax preparer. However, using a preparer may not assure that taxpayers pay the least amount due. Last year, GAO estimated that as many as 2 million taxpayers overpaid their 1998 taxes by $945 million because they failed to itemize deductions and half of these used preparers. GAO was asked to (1) obtain the views of tax...
IRS's Use of Information on Taxpayers Claiming Many Allowances or Exemption From Federal Income Tax Withholding
GAO-04-79R: Published: Nov 6, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 2003.
In September 2003, we responded to a request from Representative Elton Gallegly to provide information on the number of taxpayers who claimed more than 10 withholding allowances and taxpayers who claimed exemption from federal income tax withholding. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) calls such claims questionable Form W-4s. However, in the course of performing our work, we became concerned about...
Tax Administration: Information Is Not Available to Determine Whether $5 Billion in Liberty Zone Tax Benefits Will Be Realized
GAO-03-1102: Published: Sep 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2003.
The President pledged a minimum of $20 billion in assistance to New York for response and recovery efforts after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. This includes tax benefits, commonly referred to as the Liberty Zone tax benefits, that the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimated would reduce federal tax revenues by about $5 billion. The actual amount of benefits realized, however, will...