Military forces (1 - 10 of 47 items)
Global Positioning System: Observations on Quarterly Reports from the Air Force
GAO-17-162R: Published: Oct 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2016.
The Air Force’s first Global Positioning System (GPS) quarterly report provided important information on some of the programs’ efforts and details about its full and long-term cost, schedule, performance, testing, and risk. The report included individual program schedules and costs for some programs. However, it did not include an integrated master schedule—key information needed to demonstr...
Environmental Satellites: NOAA Needs to Ensure Its Timelines Are Accurate, Clear, and Fully Documented
GAO-16-767: Published: Sep 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) process for updating its flyout charts involves obtaining updated information on the health of operational satellites and schedules for new satellites, having relevant individuals review the updated charts, and obtaining approval from a senior NOAA official to publish the charts. This process is partially documented in a 2011 draft polic...
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy
GAO-16-661R: Published: Jul 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2016.
Five countries outside of the United States have operational space launch capabilities: the European Union, Russia, India, Japan, and China. Most of these countries each primarily depend on a single launch provider for launches of a specific capability within their country to meet their civil government and military launch requirements. The United States is unique in that it relies on more than tw...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges Facing DOD as it Changes Approaches to Space Acquisitions
GAO-16-471T: Published: Mar 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 2016.
Most major space programs have experienced significant cost and schedule increases. For instance, program costs for the Advanced Extremely High Frequency satellite program, a protected satellite communications system, have grown 116 percent as of our latest review, and its first satellite was launched more than 3 years late. For the Space Based Infrared System High, a missile warning satellite pro...
GPS: Actions Needed to Address Ground System Development Problems and User Equipment Production Readiness
GAO-15-657: Published: Sep 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2015.
The Air Force has experienced significant difficulties developing the Global Positioning System (GPS) next generation operational control system (OCX) and consistently overstated progress to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) compared to advisory independent assessments it received. It needs $1.1 billion and 4 years more than planned to deliver OCX due to poor acquisition decisions and a...
Space Acquisitions: Space Based Infrared System Could Benefit from Technology Insertion Planning
GAO-15-366: Published: Apr 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2015.
The Air Force assessed options for replacing older technologies with newer ones—called technology insertion—in the Space Based Infrared System (SBIRS) geosynchronous earth orbit (GEO) satellites 5 and 6. However, the assessment was limited in the number of options it could practically consider because of timing and minimal early investment in technology planning. The Air Force assessed the fea...
Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs More Guidance on Decisions to Store Satellites
GAO-15-97R: Published: Dec 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2014.
Currently, the Department of Defense’s (DOD) general approach is to launch satellites as soon as they are built. Program offices handle storage on a case-by-case basis based on mission needs and production and launch schedules. Over the last 5 years, DOD generally decided to use storage when satellites on orbit were lasting longer than expected and thereby pushed out the originally planned launc...
DOD Space Systems: Additional Knowledge Would Better Support Decisions about Disaggregating Large Satellites
GAO-15-7: Published: Oct 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2014.
It is not yet known whether and to what degree disaggregation can help the Department of Defense (DOD) reduce acquisition costs and increase the resilience of its satellite systems. Experts GAO spoke with identified an array of benefits and limitations. For example, acquiring smaller, less complex satellites may require less time and effort to develop and produce. On the other hand, a larger numbe...
U.S. Launch Enterprise: Acquisition Best Practices Can Benefit Future Efforts
GAO-14-776T: Published: Jul 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
GAO has reported extensively on the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program in the past.In 2008, GAO reported that when the Department of Defense (DOD) moved the EELV program from the research and development phase to the sustainment phase in the previous year, DOD eliminated various reporting requirements that would have provided useful oversight to program officials and the Congress.In...
Space Acquisitions: Acquisition Management Continues to Improve but Challenges Persist for Current and Future Programs
GAO-14-382T: Published: Mar 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2014.
Most of the Department of Defense's (DOD) major satellite acquisition programs are in later stages of acquisition, with the initial satellites having been designed, produced, and launched into orbit while additional satellites of the same design are being produced. A few other major space programs, however, have recently experienced setbacks. For example: the Missile Defense Agency's Precision Tra...