Research and development (21 - 30 of 101 items)
Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Making Progress to Rapidly Deliver Low Cost Space Capabilities, but Challenges Remain
GAO-08-516: Published: Apr 25, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2008.
The Department of Defense (DOD) invests heavily in space assets to provide the warfighter with intelligence, navigation, and other information critical to conducting military operations. In fiscal year 2008 alone, DOD expects to spend over $22 billion dollars on space systems. Despite this investment, senior military commanders have reported shortfalls in tactical space capabilities in each recent...
NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station
GAO-08-581T: Published: Apr 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2008.
The International Space Station (ISS), the most complex scientific space project ever attempted, remains incomplete. NASA expects the station's final construction cost will be $31 billion and expects sustainment costs through the station's planned retirement in fiscal year 2016 to total $11 billion. The space shuttle, the only vehicle capable of transporting large segments of the station into orbi...
NASA: Ares I and Orion Project Risks and Key Indicators to Measure Progress
GAO-08-186T: Published: Apr 3, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2008.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is in the midst of two new development efforts as part of the Constellation Program--the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle and the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle. These projects are critical to the success of the overall program, which will return humans to spaceflight after Space Shuttle retirement in 2010. To reduce the gap in human spaceflight,...
Aviation and the Environment: FAA's and NASA's Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain
GAO-08-384: Published: Feb 15, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2008.
Reducing aviation noise is important to the efficient operation and expansion of the National Airspace System because community opposition to aviation noise is a major obstacle to airport and runway development. Such development is needed to help address congestion and meet the nation's rapidly growing demand for air travel. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the National Aeronautics an...
NASA: Agency Has Taken Steps Toward Making Sound Investment Decisions for Ares I but Still Faces Challenging Knowledge Gaps
GAO-08-51: Published: Oct 31, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2007.
One of the first steps in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) efforts to implement the President's plan to return humans to the moon and prepare for eventual human space flight to Mars is the development of the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle. In 2005, NASA outlined a framework for implementing the President's plan and has awarded contracts for Ares I and the Orion Crew Explorati...
U.S. Aerospace Industry: Progress in Implementing Aerospace Commission Recommendations, and Remaining Challenges
GAO-06-920: Published: Sep 13, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2006.
The U.S. aerospace industry's wide-ranging activities--including commercial aviation, national security, and space exploration--make it critical to the economic health and strategic strength of our nation. However, the industry faces challenges, such as a national air traffic management system that, in its present form, cannot handle expected increases in demand; an aging aerospace workforce; and...
NASA: More Knowledge Needed to Determine Best Alternatives to Provide Space Station Logistics Support
GAO-05-488: Published: May 18, 2005. Publicly Released: May 31, 2005.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) space shuttle fleet has been key to International Space Station operations. Since the grounding of the fleet in February 2003, Russia has provided logistics support. However, due to the limited payload capacity of the Russian space vehicles, on-orbit assembly of the space station stopped. In May 2004 and in February 2005, NASA testified be...
NASA's Space Vision: Business Case for Prometheus 1 Needed to Ensure Requirements Match Available Resources
GAO-05-242: Published: Feb 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 2005.
In 2003, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) initiated the Prometheus 1 project to explore the outer reaches of the Solar System. The Prometheus 1 spacecraft is being designed to harness nuclear energy that will increase available electrical power from about 1,000 watts to over 100,000 watts and enable the use of electric propulsion thrusters. Historically, NASA has had diffic...
Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management
GAO-04-890: Published: Sep 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2004.
Conducting research and development (R&D) on technologies for detecting, preventing, and mitigating terrorist threats is vital to enhancing the security of the nation's transportation system. Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Congress enacted legislation to strengthen homeland security, in part by enhancing R&D. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and the Department...
University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest
GAO-04-31: Published: Nov 14, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2003.
In fiscal year 2001, federal agencies provided $19 billion for university research, a vital part of the nation's research and development effort. GAO was asked to examine federal agencies' actions to ensure that (1) the results of the university research grants they fund are made available to the public and (2) universities receiving such grants implement policies for identifying and managing poss...