Research and development (1 - 10 of 101 items)
Space Situational Awareness: Status of Efforts and Planned Budgets
GAO-16-6R: Published: Oct 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2015.
Space systems provide critical capabilities essential for government and commercial operations. These systems are increasingly vulnerable to a variety of intentional and unintentional threats. The government relies primarily on the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Intelligence Community to provide Space Situational Awareness (SSA)—the current and predictive knowledge and characterization of s...
International Space Station: Challenges to Increased Utilization May Affect Return on Investment
GAO-15-722T: Published: Jul 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2015.
Based on GAO analysis of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) fiscal year 2016 budget estimate, the agency anticipates that the costs to operate, sustain, perform research, and provide crew and cargo transportation to the International Space Station (ISS) are projected to increase by almost $1 billion—or almost 53 percent—from fiscal year 2015 to fiscal year 2020 when the...
Highlights of a Forum: 3D Printing: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Implications of Additive Manufacturing
GAO-15-505SP: Published: Jun 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2015.
What Participants SaidForum participants identified many opportunities for using additive manufacturing—also known as three-dimensional (3D) printing—to produce functional parts and discussed benefits that have been realized in the medical, aerospace, and defense sectors. For example, they said that the medical industry is using additive manufacturing to produce customized prosthetics and impl...
International Space Station: Measurable Performance Targets and Documentation Needed to Better Assess Management of National Laboratory
GAO-15-397: Published: Apr 27, 2015. Publicly Released: May 27, 2015.
The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), manager of the International Space Station (ISS) National Laboratory, has taken steps to fulfill its management responsibilities contained in its cooperative agreement with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and has initiated the activities required by the NASA Authorization Act of 2010. GAO found that CASIS impleme...
Space Acquisitions: Space Based Infrared System Could Benefit from Technology Insertion Planning
GAO-15-366: Published: Apr 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2015.
The Air Force assessed options for replacing older technologies with newer ones—called technology insertion—in the Space Based Infrared System (SBIRS) geosynchronous earth orbit (GEO) satellites 5 and 6. However, the assessment was limited in the number of options it could practically consider because of timing and minimal early investment in technology planning. The Air Force assessed the fea...
U.S. Launch Enterprise: Acquisition Best Practices Can Benefit Future Efforts
GAO-14-776T: Published: Jul 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
GAO has reported extensively on the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program in the past.In 2008, GAO reported that when the Department of Defense (DOD) moved the EELV program from the research and development phase to the sustainment phase in the previous year, DOD eliminated various reporting requirements that would have provided useful oversight to program officials and the Congress.In...
NASA: Significant Challenges Remain for Access, Use, and Sustainment of the International Space Station
GAO-12-587T: Published: Mar 28, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2012.
NASA plans to use international partner and new domestic commercial launch vehicles to access, utilize, and sustain the International Space Station from 2012 through 2020. However, the agency faces challenges in transporting cargo and crew to the ISS as well as ensuring the station is fully utilized. NASAs decision to rely on the new commercial vehicles to transport cargo starting in 2012 an...
Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust
GAO-11-722: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2011.
Each year, the United States spends billions of dollars on space-based systems to support national security activities. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 requires the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to develop and issue a space science and technology (S&T) strategy every 2 years addressing S&T goals and a process for achieving t...
Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement
GAO-11-553R: Published: May 26, 2011. Publicly Released: May 26, 2011.
Over the last few years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has increasingly relied on its authority under the Space Act of 1958 to enter into agreements, commonly referred to as Space Act agreements (SAA), to stimulate private sector development of systems capable of transporting cargo and crew to the International Space Station and to assist partner firms in developing thei...
Commercial Launch Vehicles: NASA Taking Measures to Manage Delays and Risks
GAO-11-692T: Published: May 26, 2011. Publicly Released: May 26, 2011.
Since the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) created the strategy for the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) project in 2005, the space landscape has changed significantly--the Space Shuttle program is retiring and the Ares I will not be available--increasing the importance of the timely development of COTS vehicles. The lack of alternatives for supplying the Inter...