National security (1 - 10 of 99 items) in Custom Date Range
Defense Space Acquisitions: Too Early to Determine If Recent Changes Will Resolve Persistent Fragmentation in Management and Oversight
GAO-16-592R: Published: Jul 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2016.
National security space leadership responsibilities are fragmented across approximately 60 stakeholder organizations within the Department of Defense (DOD), the Executive Office of the President, the Intelligence Community, and civilian agencies. Officials and experts generally said that no one seems to be in charge of space acquisitions. According to officials and experts, DOD space acquisitions...
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy
GAO-16-661R: Published: Jul 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2016.
Five countries outside of the United States have operational space launch capabilities: the European Union, Russia, India, Japan, and China. Most of these countries each primarily depend on a single launch provider for launches of a specific capability within their country to meet their civil government and military launch requirements. The United States is unique in that it relies on more than tw...
Space Acquisitions: GAO Assessment of DOD Responsive Launch Report
GAO-16-156R: Published: Oct 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2015.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) June 2015 report generally addresses four of the five elements called for in the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2014 (Pub. L. No. 113-66, 915 (2013)), including descriptions of existing and past operationally responsive launch efforts ("responsive launch" refers to the ability to launch space assets to their intended orbits as the need a...
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: Introducing Competition into National Security Space Launch Acquisitions
GAO-14-259T: Published: Mar 5, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2014.
The Department of Defense (DOD) began the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program in 1995 to provide a new generation of launch vehicles to ensure affordable access to space for government satellites. In November 1997, based on commercial forecasts at that time, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) approved maintaining competition between two contractors, and in 1998, DOD competit...
Launch Services New Entrant Certification Guide
GAO-13-317R: Published: Feb 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2013.
The Air Force based its Guide on existing NASA policy and procedures with respect to payload risk classification and launch vehicle certification. Payloads are classified based in part on factors such as national significance, payload complexity and cost, and are assigned a risk tolerance level accordingly. The Air Force, NASA, and NRO are working to coordinate and share information to facilitate...
Defense Space Activities: National Security Space Strategy Needed to Guide Future DOD Space Efforts
GAO-08-431R: Published: Mar 27, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2008.
The United States depends on space assets to support national security activities as well as civil and commercial activities. The Department of Defense (DOD) depends on space assets to support a wide range of military missions to include intelligence collection; battlefield surveillance and management; global command, control, and communications; and navigation assistance. This operational depende...
Defense Space Activities: Management Actions Are Needed to Better Identify, Track, and Train Air Force Space Personnel
GAO-06-908: Published: Sep 21, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2006.
The Department of Defense (DOD) relies on space to support a wide range of vital military missions. Many factors contribute to DOD success in space activities, and having sufficient quantities of space-qualified personnel to design, oversee, and acquire space assets, on which DOD expects to spend about $20 billion in fiscal year 2007, is critical to DOD's ability to carry out its mission. The indi...
Defense Space Activities: Organizational Changes Initiated, but Further Management Actions Needed
GAO-03-379: Published: Apr 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2003.
In January 2001, the congressionally chartered Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization--known as the Space Commission--reported that the Department of Defense (DOD) lacked the senior-level focus and accountability to provide guidance and oversight for national security space operations. Congress mandated that GAO provide an assessment of DOD's actions...
Defense Space Activities: Status of Reorganization
GAO-02-772R: Published: Jun 26, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2002.
To meet long-standing concerns about the Department of Defense's (DOD) organization and management of national security space activities, Congress chartered the Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization to study the organization and management of space activities that support U.S. national security interests and make recommendations for improvements. DO...
Space Surveillance Network: New Way Proposed To Support Commercial and Foreign Entities
GAO-02-403R: Published: Jun 7, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2002.
Government, commercial, and foreign entities rely almost exclusively on information generated by the United States space surveillance network to reduce the risk of space collisions when launching and operating their respective space missions. The network is maintained and operated by the Air Force Space Command; surveillance data is processed and an unclassified portion is sent to the National Aer...