Military forces (21 - 30 of 169 items)
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Needs to Ensure New Acquisition Strategy is Based on Sufficient Information
GAO-11-641: Published: Sep 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2011.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) plan to spend about $15 billion for launch services from fiscal year 2013 to fiscal year 2017 through DOD's Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program. The program launches satellites for military, intelligence, civil, and commercial customers. In 2009, DOD and the NRO decided the program's business model needed imp...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-11-21: Published: Nov 10, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2010.
To be competitive in the global economy, the United States relies heavily on innovation through research and development (R&D). The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program to stimulate technological innovation among small businesses. SBIR offers one avenue for introducing technological innovation in the Department of Defen...
Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles
GAO-10-286T: Published: Dec 2, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2009.
Since the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported on the commercial space launch industry in 2006, the industry has evolved and moved further toward space tourism. Commercial space tourism promises to make human space travel available to the public for the first time. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) oversees the safety of commercial space launches, licensing and monitoring the sa...
Defense Acquisitions: Challenges in Aligning Space System Components
GAO-10-55: Published: Oct 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2009.
The Department of Defense (DOD) expects to spend more than $50 billion to develop and procure eight major space systems. Typically, the systems have two main components: satellites and ground control systems. Some also have a third component--user terminals--that can allow access from remote locations. If the delivery of these three components is not synchronized, there can be delays in providing...
NASA: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Programs and Associated Activities
GAO-10-87R: Published: Oct 15, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2009.
The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended, established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as the civilian agency that exercises control over U.S. aeronautical and space activities and seeks and encourages the fullest commercial use of space. NASA's activities span a broad range of complex and technical endeavors, from investigating the composition, evaluation...
Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems
GAO-09-648T: Published: Apr 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2009.
Despite a growing investment in space, the majority of large-scale acquisition programs in the Department of Defense's (DOD) space portfolio have experienced problems during the past two decades that have driven up cost and schedules and increased technical risks. The cost resulting from acquisition problems along with the ambitious nature of space programs have resulted in cancellations of progra...
Space Acquisitions: Major Space Programs Still at Risk for Cost and Schedule Increases
GAO-08-552T: Published: Mar 4, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2008.
Each year, the Department of Defense (DOD) spends billions of dollars to acquire space-based capabilities to support current military and other government operations as well as to enable DOD to transform the way it collects and disseminates information, gathers data on adversaries, and attacks targets. In fiscal year 2009 alone, DOD expects to spend over $10 billion to develop and procure satellit...
Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain
GAO-07-910T: Published: Jun 7, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2007.
The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) is a tri-agency acquisition--managed by the Departments of Commerce and Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration--which experienced escalating costs, schedule delays, and technical difficulties. These factors led to a June 2006 decision to restructure the program thereby decreasing its complexity,...
Space Acquisitions: Actions Needed to Expand and Sustain Use of Best Practices
GAO-07-730T: Published: Apr 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2007.
DOD's space system acquisitions have experienced problems over the past several decades that have driven up costs by hundreds of millions, even billions of dollars, stretched schedules by years, and increased performance risks. DOD has recognized the need to change its approach to developing space systems and is attempting to instill best practices in new efforts. GAO was asked to testify on its f...
Defense Acquisitions: Space System Acquisition Risks and Keys to Addressing Them
GAO-06-776R: Published: Jun 1, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2006.
On April 6, 2006, we testified before Congress on the Department of Defense's (DOD) space acquisitions. In fiscal year 2007, DOD expects to spend nearly $7 billion to acquire space-based capabilities to support current military and other government operations as well as to enable DOD to transform the way it collects and disseminates information, gathers data on its adversaries, and attacks targets...