International space station (1 - 10 of 33 items)
NASA Commercial Crew Program: Schedule Pressure Increases as Contractors Delay Key Events
GAO-17-137: Published: Feb 16, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2017.
Both of the Commercial Crew Program's contractors have made progress developing their crew transportation systems, but both also have aggressive development schedules that are increasingly under pressure. The two contractors—Boeing and Space Exploration Technologies, Corp. (SpaceX)—are developing transportation systems that must meet the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) s...
Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges
GAO-16-765T: Published: Jun 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2016.
In 2015, GAO reported that during the last decade, U.S. commercial space launch companies conducted fewer orbital launches in total than companies in Russia or Europe, which are among their main foreign competitors. However, the U.S. commercial space launch industry has expanded recently. In 2015, U.S. companies conducted eight orbital launches, compared with none in 2011. In addition, in 2015, U...
International Space Station: Challenges to Increased Utilization May Affect Return on Investment
GAO-15-722T: Published: Jul 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2015.
Based on GAO analysis of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) fiscal year 2016 budget estimate, the agency anticipates that the costs to operate, sustain, perform research, and provide crew and cargo transportation to the International Space Station (ISS) are projected to increase by almost $1 billion—or almost 53 percent—from fiscal year 2015 to fiscal year 2020 when the...
International Space Station: Measurable Performance Targets and Documentation Needed to Better Assess Management of National Laboratory
GAO-15-397: Published: Apr 27, 2015. Publicly Released: May 27, 2015.
The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), manager of the International Space Station (ISS) National Laboratory, has taken steps to fulfill its management responsibilities contained in its cooperative agreement with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and has initiated the activities required by the NASA Authorization Act of 2010. GAO found that CASIS impleme...
Space: Defense and Civilian Agencies Request Significant Funding for Launch-Related Activities
GAO-13-802R: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2013.
Defense and civilian government agencies together expect to require significant funding--nearly $44 billion in "then-year" dollars that factor in anticipated future inflation--for launch-related activities from fiscal years 2014 through 2018. Procurement funding represents about $28 billion--some 65 percent--of this total, while Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) constitutes appro...
Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues
GAO-12-836T: Published: Jun 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2012.
Since a peak of 22 U.S. commercial space launches in fiscal year 1998, the annual number of launches generally ranged from 4 to 9 launches. The number of commercial space launches is expected to increase in the next 8 years as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) plans to procure 51 launches from commercial cargo companies to resupply the International Space Station. FAA also e...
Commercial Space Launch Act: Preliminary Information on Issues to Consider for Reauthorization
GAO-12-767T: Published: Jun 6, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2012.
GAOs work to date work indicates the United States provides less indemnification for third party losses than China, France, and Russia, according to studies. These countries put no limit on the amount of government indemnification coverage currently available through the Commercial Space Launch Act Amendments of 1988 (CSLA) which is about $2.7 billion per launch. These commitments to pay hav...
NASA: Significant Challenges Remain for Access, Use, and Sustainment of the International Space Station
GAO-12-587T: Published: Mar 28, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2012.
NASA plans to use international partner and new domestic commercial launch vehicles to access, utilize, and sustain the International Space Station from 2012 through 2020. However, the agency faces challenges in transporting cargo and crew to the ISS as well as ensuring the station is fully utilized. NASAs decision to rely on the new commercial vehicles to transport cargo starting in 2012 an...
International Space Station: Approaches for Ensuring Utilization through 2020 Are Reasonable but Should Be Revisited as NASA Gains More Knowledge of On-Orbit Performance
GAO-12-162: Published: Dec 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2011.
NASAs approach to determining, obtaining, and delivering necessary spare parts to the ISS is reasonable to ensure continued utilization of the station through 2020. The statistical process and methodology being used to determine the expected lifetimes of replacement units is a sound and commonly accepted approach within the risk assessment community that considers both manufacturers pr...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Acquisition Approach for Commercial Crew Transportation Includes Good Practices, but Faces Significant Challenges
GAO-12-282: Published: Dec 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2011.
NASAs planned approach for acquiring U.S. commercial crew transportation faces significant challenges that could impact its success, although it includes some good acquisition practices. Specifically, NASAs current funding level for its program is lower than anticipated and may not allow NASA to award multiple contracts, which is its key element for maintaining cost control by sustaini...