Research and development (1 - 10 of 49 items)
International Space Station: Challenges to Increased Utilization May Affect Return on Investment
GAO-15-722T: Published: Jul 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2015.
Based on GAO analysis of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) fiscal year 2016 budget estimate, the agency anticipates that the costs to operate, sustain, perform research, and provide crew and cargo transportation to the International Space Station (ISS) are projected to increase by almost $1 billion—or almost 53 percent—from fiscal year 2015 to fiscal year 2020 when the...
International Space Station: Measurable Performance Targets and Documentation Needed to Better Assess Management of National Laboratory
GAO-15-397: Published: Apr 27, 2015. Publicly Released: May 27, 2015.
The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), manager of the International Space Station (ISS) National Laboratory, has taken steps to fulfill its management responsibilities contained in its cooperative agreement with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and has initiated the activities required by the NASA Authorization Act of 2010. GAO found that CASIS impleme...
Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust
GAO-11-722: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2011.
Each year, the United States spends billions of dollars on space-based systems to support national security activities. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 requires the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to develop and issue a space science and technology (S&T) strategy every 2 years addressing S&T goals and a process for achieving t...
Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement
GAO-11-553R: Published: May 26, 2011. Publicly Released: May 26, 2011.
Over the last few years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has increasingly relied on its authority under the Space Act of 1958 to enter into agreements, commonly referred to as Space Act agreements (SAA), to stimulate private sector development of systems capable of transporting cargo and crew to the International Space Station and to assist partner firms in developing thei...
Commercial Launch Vehicles: NASA Taking Measures to Manage Delays and Risks
GAO-11-692T: Published: May 26, 2011. Publicly Released: May 26, 2011.
Since the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) created the strategy for the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) project in 2005, the space landscape has changed significantly--the Space Shuttle program is retiring and the Ares I will not be available--increasing the importance of the timely development of COTS vehicles. The lack of alternatives for supplying the Inter...
Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed
GAO-10-824: Published: Aug 6, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 2010.
To address challenges to the aviation industry's economic health and safety, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is collaborating with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and other federal partners to plan and implement the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen will transform the current radar-based air traffic control system into a satellite-based...
NASA: Key Management and Program Challenges
GAO-10-387T: Published: Feb 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2010.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is in the midst of many changes and one of the most challenging periods in its history. The space shuttle is slated to retire this year, the International Space Station nears completion but remains underutilized, and a new means of human space flight is under development. Most recently, the administration has proposed a new direction for NAS...
Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions
GAO-10-200: Published: Dec 3, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2009.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) researchers generally disseminate their agency-funded research results through publications, presentations, agency releases, and media interviews. In 2007, GAO reviewed dissemination policies at NASA and two other agencies and found that NASA's policies were generally clear, but GAO's survey of NASA researchers raised concerns that many of them...
NASA: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Programs and Associated Activities
GAO-10-87R: Published: Oct 15, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2009.
The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended, established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as the civilian agency that exercises control over U.S. aeronautical and space activities and seeks and encourages the fullest commercial use of space. NASA's activities span a broad range of complex and technical endeavors, from investigating the composition, evaluation...
NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station
GAO-08-581T: Published: Apr 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2008.
The International Space Station (ISS), the most complex scientific space project ever attempted, remains incomplete. NASA expects the station's final construction cost will be $31 billion and expects sustainment costs through the station's planned retirement in fiscal year 2016 to total $11 billion. The space shuttle, the only vehicle capable of transporting large segments of the station into orbi...