Private sector (1 - 10 of 30 items) in Custom Date Range
Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives
GAO-15-127: Published: Oct 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2014.
The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC) has taken steps to communicate with potential customers, including small businesses and entrepreneurs, but has not obtained feedback from them to assess their needs when designing and implementing technology transfer clearinghouse initiatives. This resulted in missed opportunities to better meet potential customer needs. For example,...
Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts
GAO-12-187T: Published: Nov 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2011.
This testimony discusses the use of test facilities as a means of leveraging public, private, and academic resources to deliver technologies for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen will affect nearly every aspect of air transportation and will transform the way in which the air transportation system operates today. It is a complex undertaking that requires new technolo...
Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources
GAO-11-604: Published: Jun 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2011.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is developing and implementing a broad transformation of the national airspace system known as the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen is a complex undertaking that requires new technologies and supporting infrastructure and involves the activities of several agencies as well as private industry. This report provides information on...
Federal Research: Information on the Government's Right to Assert Ownership Control over Federally Funded Inventions
GAO-09-742: Published: Jul 27, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2009.
The Bayh-Dole Act, passed in 1980, allows recipients of federal research funds the option to retain patents on any inventions they create using those funds. At the same time, the act provides the government with rights intended to ensure that the public benefits from these federal research investments. One of these rights is known as the "march-in" authority, which allows federal agencies to take...
Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol
GAO-03-829: Published: Jun 4, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2003.
The transfer of technology from government-funded medical research laboratories to the private sector aims to have new pharmaceuticals brought to market more efficiently than would be possible for a federal agency acting alone. Much of the pharmaceutical-related technology transfer originates with research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). GAO was asked to examine the legal and fi...
Technology Transfer: Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE's Laboratories
GAO-02-465: Published: Apr 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2002.
Since 1980 Congress has passed laws to facilitate the transfer of technology from federal laboratories to U.S. businesses. In particular, the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 authorized federal laboratories operated by contractors, including the Department of Energy's (DOE) national laboratories, to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). Under a...
Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Could Limit Identification of Similar Research
RCED-00-114: Published: Apr 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) whether, in the past, ATP had funded projects with research goals that were similar to projects funded by the private sector; and (2) if such cases were identified, whether ATP's award selection process ensures that such research would not be fu...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
RCED-98-132: Published: Apr 17, 1998. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 1998.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided a final report on aspects of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, focusing on: (1) agencies' adherence to statutory funding requirements; (2) agencies' audits of extramural (external) research and development (R&D) budgets; (3) the effect of the application review process and funding cycles on award recipients; (4) the extent of...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program
T-RCED-97-230: Published: Sep 4, 1997. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 1997.
GAO discussed the results of its review of the first-year implementation of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program, focusing on: (1) the effect of STTR on the Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR); and (2) the need for the STTR program.GAO noted that: (1) while agency officials expressed differing views on the effect of and the need for the STTR Program, all of the offic...
Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects
RCED-96-141: Published: Jun 26, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) cost-sharing arrangements it has with the private sector to fund technology development programs, focusing on the: (1) extent to which DOE requires repayment of its investment in cost-shared technology development; and (2) advantages and disadvantages of repayment.GAO found that: (1) of the many cost-shared technolo...