Patents (1 - 10 of 18 items)
Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives
GAO-15-127: Published: Oct 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2014.
The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC) has taken steps to communicate with potential customers, including small businesses and entrepreneurs, but has not obtained feedback from them to assess their needs when designing and implementing technology transfer clearinghouse initiatives. This resulted in missed opportunities to better meet potential customer needs. For example,...
Federal Research: Information on the Government's Right to Assert Ownership Control over Federally Funded Inventions
GAO-09-742: Published: Jul 27, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2009.
The Bayh-Dole Act, passed in 1980, allows recipients of federal research funds the option to retain patents on any inventions they create using those funds. At the same time, the act provides the government with rights intended to ensure that the public benefits from these federal research investments. One of these rights is known as the "march-in" authority, which allows federal agencies to take...
Intellectual Property: Federal Agency Efforts in Transferring and Reporting New Technology
GAO-03-47: Published: Oct 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2002.
The federal government is a primary sponsor of research conducted in the United States, expending during fiscal year 2001 $19.4 billion for research performed by federal employees and $62.2 billion for research conducted under contracts and grants. Some of this research leads to the development of technology that can be patented, licensed, and made available to the public through the introduction...
Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision
RCED-99-242: Published: Aug 12, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the government's rights to inventions under the Bayh-Dole Act and Executive Order 12591, focusing on whether federal agencies: (1) ensure that contractors and grantees are complying with the provisions of the Bayh-Dole Act and Executive Order 12591 on the disclosure, reporting, retention, and licensing of inventions created under fed...
Technology Transfer: Number and Characteristics of Inventions Licensed by Six Federal Agencies
RCED-99-173: Published: Jun 18, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the licensing of government-owned inventions created under federally funded research projects, focusing on: (1) government-owned inventions licensed by six federal agencies during fiscal years 1996 through 1998, including the royalties received during that period, and the total number of active licenses these agencies had as of Octob...
Technology Transfer: Administration of the Bayh-Dole Act by Research Universities
RCED-98-126: Published: May 7, 1998. Publicly Released: May 11, 1998.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the administration of the Bayh-Dole Act in research universities.GAO noted that: (1) federal agencies' administration of the Bayh-Dole Act as it applies to research universities is decentralized; (2) while the Department of Commerce has issued implementing regulations and provides coordination under limited circumstances, the act actually is admi...
Technology Transfer: Improving Incentives For Technology Transfer at Federal Laboratories
T-RCED-94-42: Published: Oct 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed technology transfer and royalty sharing issues within the scientific research community, focusing on whether proposed legislation would: (1) increase scientists' interest in patenting inventions; (2) motivate laboratories to encourage invention reporting; (3) affect intellectual property assignment; and (4) resolve impediments to patenting inventi...
Technology Transfer: Barriers Limit Royalty Sharing's Effectiveness
RCED-93-6: Published: Dec 7, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 1992.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the effectiveness of royalty-sharing programs established under the Technology Transfer Act, focusing on: (1) federal scientists' interest in reporting inventions before and after the act's passage; and (2) the extent to which agencies' program implementation supports royalty-sharing incentives.GAO found that: (1) royalty-sharing programs at fede...
High-Technology Competitiveness: Trends in U.S. and Foreign Performance
NSIAD-92-236: Published: Sep 16, 1992. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. competitiveness in high-technology areas, including assessments of trends in the U.S. position over the past decade, particularly relative to Japan.GAO found that: (1) aggregate performance indicators provide some evidence of a decline in the U.S. leadership position in developing and marketing technology-intensive products, par...
Technology Transfer: Federal Agencies' Patent Licensing Activities
RCED-91-80: Published: Apr 3, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1991.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the patenting and licensing activities for fiscal year (FY) 1981 through FY 1990 of 12 federal agencies and 16 Department of Energy contractor-operated laboratories.GAO found that: (1) 12 federal agencies and 16 contractor-operated laboratories filed 15,669 patent applications, received 11,075 patents issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Offic...