Laboratories (1 - 10 of 21 items)
Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives
GAO-15-127: Published: Oct 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2014.
The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC) has taken steps to communicate with potential customers, including small businesses and entrepreneurs, but has not obtained feedback from them to assess their needs when designing and implementing technology transfer clearinghouse initiatives. This resulted in missed opportunities to better meet potential customer needs. For example,...
Technology Transfer: Clearer Priorities and Greater Use of Innovative Approaches Could Increase the Effectiveness of Technology Transfer at Department of Energy Laboratories
GAO-09-548: Published: Jun 16, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2009.
The Department of Energy (DOE) spends billions of dollars each year at its national laboratories on advanced science, energy, and other research. To maximize the public's investment and to foster economic growth, federal laws and policies have encouraged the transfer of federally developed technologies to private firms, universities, and others to use or commercialize. The American Recovery and Re...
Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol
GAO-03-829: Published: Jun 4, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2003.
The transfer of technology from government-funded medical research laboratories to the private sector aims to have new pharmaceuticals brought to market more efficiently than would be possible for a federal agency acting alone. Much of the pharmaceutical-related technology transfer originates with research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). GAO was asked to examine the legal and fi...
Technology Transfer: Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE's Laboratories
GAO-02-465: Published: Apr 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2002.
Since 1980 Congress has passed laws to facilitate the transfer of technology from federal laboratories to U.S. businesses. In particular, the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 authorized federal laboratories operated by contractors, including the Department of Energy's (DOE) national laboratories, to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). Under a...
Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations
GAO-02-529R: Published: Apr 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2002.
This report reviews cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) at the Army Research Laboratory and the Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases to determine whether the laboratories complied with export control laws. GAO found that the Army needs to clarify its guidance on technology transfers to ensure compliance with U.S. export control laws during the management revie...
Technology Transfer: DOE Has Fewer Partnerships, and They Rely More on Private Funding
GAO-01-568: Published: Jul 6, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2001.
Congress enacted the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act to encourage federal laboratories operated by contractors to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with businesses, universities, and other private partners. This act was designed to improve the United States' competitive position in the world economy by facilitating the transfer of technology from f...
National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development?
PEMD-95-2: Published: Nov 25, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Energy's national laboratories are engaged in basic and applied research or in research related to commercial product development.GAO found that: (1) the laboratories devoted more than half of their research and development (R&D) funds to commercial product development during fiscal year (FY) 1992; (2) most of the...
Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements
RCED-95-52: Published: Dec 16, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits of federal agencies' engaging in cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with the private sector.GAO found that: (1) although all CRADA do not achieve the same level of benefit, collaborative research and development agreements can be valuable assets in the government's portfolio of technology transfer programs; (2) man...
Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE's Contractor-Operated Laboratories
RCED-94-91: Published: Apr 15, 1994. Publicly Released: May 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) process for implementing its cooperative research and development (R&D) agreements, focusing on how the DOE approval process: (1) compares with the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) and the Army's processes; and (2) affects laboratory resources and schedules.GAO found that: (1) in response to c...
Technology Transfer: Improving Incentives For Technology Transfer at Federal Laboratories
T-RCED-94-42: Published: Oct 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed technology transfer and royalty sharing issues within the scientific research community, focusing on whether proposed legislation would: (1) increase scientists' interest in patenting inventions; (2) motivate laboratories to encourage invention reporting; (3) affect intellectual property assignment; and (4) resolve impediments to patenting inventi...