Federal agencies (1 - 10 of 13 items)
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs
GAO-13-529T: Published: Apr 10, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2013.
In fiscal year 2010, 13 federal agencies invested over $3 billion in 209 programs designed to increase knowledge of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields and attainment of STEM degrees. The number of programs within agencies ranged from 3 to 46, with the Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation administering more t...
Federal Research: Information on the Government's Right to Assert Ownership Control over Federally Funded Inventions
GAO-09-742: Published: Jul 27, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2009.
The Bayh-Dole Act, passed in 1980, allows recipients of federal research funds the option to retain patents on any inventions they create using those funds. At the same time, the act provides the government with rights intended to ensure that the public benefits from these federal research investments. One of these rights is known as the "march-in" authority, which allows federal agencies to take...
Technology Transfer: Agencies' Rights to Federally Sponsored Biomedical Inventions
GAO-03-536: Published: Jul 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2003.
The Bayh-Dole Act gives federal contractors, grantees, and cooperative agreement funding recipients the option to retain ownership rights to inventions they create as part of a federally sponsored research project and profit from commercializing them. The act also protects the government's interests, in part by requiring that federal agencies and their authorized funding recipients retain a licens...
Intellectual Property: Federal Agency Efforts in Transferring and Reporting New Technology
GAO-03-47: Published: Oct 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2002.
The federal government is a primary sponsor of research conducted in the United States, expending during fiscal year 2001 $19.4 billion for research performed by federal employees and $62.2 billion for research conducted under contracts and grants. Some of this research leads to the development of technology that can be patented, licensed, and made available to the public through the introduction...
Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies' Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
T-RCED-00-122: Published: Mar 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed federal agencies' compliance with the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act, which directs federal agencies to use voluntary consensus standards, focusing on: (1) the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) and the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) activities in carrying out their oversight responsibilities under t...
Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision
RCED-99-242: Published: Aug 12, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the government's rights to inventions under the Bayh-Dole Act and Executive Order 12591, focusing on whether federal agencies: (1) ensure that contractors and grantees are complying with the provisions of the Bayh-Dole Act and Executive Order 12591 on the disclosure, reporting, retention, and licensing of inventions created under fed...
Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened
RCED-99-114: Published: Jun 4, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, focusing on: (1) the distribution of awards by company and geographic area, with special emphasis on the share of awards received by the 25 most frequent winners; (2) the extent to which federal agencies are considering commercial potential and the program's other goals in making...
Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development
T-RCED-93-34: Published: Apr 28, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 1993.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to foster development of innovative technologies used for Superfund and hazardous waste cleanup initiatives, focusing on: (1) whether EPA has demonstrated and selected innovative technologies for Superfund site cleanups; (2) barriers and solutions to innovative technology development and use; and (3) the EPA response to previous rec...
Science and Technology: Federal Efforts to Collect and Analyze Information on Foreign Science and Technology
T-RCED-93-8: Published: Feb 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1993.
GAO discussed the U.S. government's efforts to collect and assess information on foreign science and technology, focusing on: (1) the extent and nature of federal activities for gathering and analyzing information; (2) coordination of efforts to collect and monitor information; and (3) the usefulness of the available information to U.S. businesses. GAO noted that: (1) the government collected and...
Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success but Can Be Strengthened
T-RCED-92-45: Published: Mar 31, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 1992.
GAO discussed the Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR), focusing on: (1) whether the SBIR Program has met its goals; (2) the reasons for minority and disadvantaged businesses' low level of Phase III SBIR Program activity; (3) the level of foreign investment and attention that SBIR awardees have attracted; and (4) changes that could improve the program. GAO noted that: (1) the SBIR Pro...