Cooperative agreements (1 - 10 of 15 items)
Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol
GAO-03-829: Published: Jun 4, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2003.
The transfer of technology from government-funded medical research laboratories to the private sector aims to have new pharmaceuticals brought to market more efficiently than would be possible for a federal agency acting alone. Much of the pharmaceutical-related technology transfer originates with research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). GAO was asked to examine the legal and fi...
Technology Transfer: Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE's Laboratories
GAO-02-465: Published: Apr 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2002.
Since 1980 Congress has passed laws to facilitate the transfer of technology from federal laboratories to U.S. businesses. In particular, the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 authorized federal laboratories operated by contractors, including the Department of Energy's (DOE) national laboratories, to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). Under a...
Technology Transfer: DOE Has Fewer Partnerships, and They Rely More on Private Funding
GAO-01-568: Published: Jul 6, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2001.
Congress enacted the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act to encourage federal laboratories operated by contractors to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with businesses, universities, and other private partners. This act was designed to improve the United States' competitive position in the world economy by facilitating the transfer of technology from f...
National Institute of Standards and Technology: Carryover Balances for the Advanced Technology Program
RCED-00-71R: Published: Mar 2, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the carry over balances in the Department of Commerce's Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) balances in the program for fiscal years 1995 through 1999; and (2) any balances that might exist at the end of fiscal year (FY) 2000 that could be used as offsets for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) p...
National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development?
PEMD-95-2: Published: Nov 25, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Energy's national laboratories are engaged in basic and applied research or in research related to commercial product development.GAO found that: (1) the laboratories devoted more than half of their research and development (R&D) funds to commercial product development during fiscal year (FY) 1992; (2) most of the...
Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements
RCED-95-52: Published: Dec 16, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits of federal agencies' engaging in cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with the private sector.GAO found that: (1) although all CRADA do not achieve the same level of benefit, collaborative research and development agreements can be valuable assets in the government's portfolio of technology transfer programs; (2) man...
Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE's Contractor-Operated Laboratories
RCED-94-91: Published: Apr 15, 1994. Publicly Released: May 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) process for implementing its cooperative research and development (R&D) agreements, focusing on how the DOE approval process: (1) compares with the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) and the Army's processes; and (2) affects laboratory resources and schedules.GAO found that: (1) in response to c...
Technology Transfer: Implementation of CRADAs at NIST, Army, and DOE
T-RCED-93-53: Published: Jun 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). GAO noted that: (1) legislation that established technology transfer objectives gave federal agencies discretion and flexibility when implementing CRADA; (2) Army and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) officials have implemented CRADA with only limited headqu...
NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain
NSIAD-93-137: Published: Mar 16, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1993.
Pursuant to congressional requests, GAO reviewed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) efforts to transfer agency-developed technology to the U.S. civil aeronautics industry, focusing on: (1) NASA technology transfer activities; and (2) the impact on international competitiveness.GAO found that NASA: (1) used a broad definition of technology transfer to include all activities...
Diffusing Innovations: Implementing the Technology Transfer Act of 1986
PEMD-91-23: Published: May 29, 1991. Publicly Released: May 30, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO surveyed the extent to which federal departments and laboratories implemented the provisions of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, focusing on the: (1) receipt of implementation guidance from headquarters; (2) establishment and staffing of the Offices of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA); (3) delegation of authority to laborat...