Technology transfer (41 - 50 of 116 items)
National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development?
PEMD-95-2: Published: Nov 25, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Energy's national laboratories are engaged in basic and applied research or in research related to commercial product development.GAO found that: (1) the laboratories devoted more than half of their research and development (R&D) funds to commercial product development during fiscal year (FY) 1992; (2) most of the...
Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements
RCED-95-52: Published: Dec 16, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits of federal agencies' engaging in cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with the private sector.GAO found that: (1) although all CRADA do not achieve the same level of benefit, collaborative research and development agreements can be valuable assets in the government's portfolio of technology transfer programs; (2) man...
Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE's Contractor-Operated Laboratories
RCED-94-91: Published: Apr 15, 1994. Publicly Released: May 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) process for implementing its cooperative research and development (R&D) agreements, focusing on how the DOE approval process: (1) compares with the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) and the Army's processes; and (2) affects laboratory resources and schedules.GAO found that: (1) in response to c...
Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program
RCED-94-75: Published: Mar 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 1994.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Pilot Technology Access Program (TAPP), which provides small businesses with technical and business information and expertise that they may not be aware of or able to afford, focusing on the program's status, implementation, and evaluation.GAO found that: (1) while the Small Business Administration (SBA) provides TAPP funding,...
Advanced Technology: Proposal Review Process and Treatment of Foreign-Owned Businesses
RCED-94-81: Published: Jan 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) implementation of the Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) how ATP limits its awards to research and development on precompetitive generic technology; and (2) NIST treatment of foreign-owned businesses that submit proposals for ATP awards.GAO found that: (1) ATP relies on a...
Technology Transfer: Improving Incentives For Technology Transfer at Federal Laboratories
T-RCED-94-42: Published: Oct 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed technology transfer and royalty sharing issues within the scientific research community, focusing on whether proposed legislation would: (1) increase scientists' interest in patenting inventions; (2) motivate laboratories to encourage invention reporting; (3) affect intellectual property assignment; and (4) resolve impediments to patenting inventi...
Technology Transfer: Implementation of CRADAs at NIST, Army, and DOE
T-RCED-93-53: Published: Jun 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). GAO noted that: (1) legislation that established technology transfer objectives gave federal agencies discretion and flexibility when implementing CRADA; (2) Army and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) officials have implemented CRADA with only limited headqu...
Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development
T-RCED-93-34: Published: Apr 28, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 1993.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to foster development of innovative technologies used for Superfund and hazardous waste cleanup initiatives, focusing on: (1) whether EPA has demonstrated and selected innovative technologies for Superfund site cleanups; (2) barriers and solutions to innovative technology development and use; and (3) the EPA response to previous rec...
NASA Aeronautics: Impact of Technology Transfer Activities Is Uncertain
NSIAD-93-137: Published: Mar 16, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1993.
Pursuant to congressional requests, GAO reviewed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) efforts to transfer agency-developed technology to the U.S. civil aeronautics industry, focusing on: (1) NASA technology transfer activities; and (2) the impact on international competitiveness.GAO found that NASA: (1) used a broad definition of technology transfer to include all activities...
Federally Funded Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Research Results
T-RCED-93-19: Published: Mar 11, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1993.
GAO discussed federal research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF), focusing on the possibility of conflicts of interest or competitive advantage resulting from inappropriate access to research results. GAO noted that: (1) greater controls are needed to monitor access to research information and to the research beneficiaries; (2) betw...