Technology transfer (81 - 90 of 116 items)
Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium's Start-up Activities
RCED-90-37: Published: Nov 3, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress of a consortium of U.S. semiconductor and computer companies (SEMATECH) formed to conduct research and development that will provide the U.S. industry with the domestic capability for world leadership in manufacturing, focusing on: (1) the Department of Defense's (DOD) participation and role; (2) the consortium's approaches and organiz...
Implementation Status of the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986
T-RCED-89-47: Published: Jun 1, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 1989.
GAO discussed the implementation status of the Technology Transfer Act of 1986, focusing on the progress that 12 federal agencies and 25 of their laboratories made in implementing the act. GAO found that: (1) 10 of the 12 agencies had delegated authority to enter into cooperative agreements; (2) two agencies did not delegate because one opted to continue its technology transfer activities under an...
Technology Transfer: Implementation Status of the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986
RCED-89-154: Published: May 30, 1989. Publicly Released: May 30, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the implementation of the Technology Transfer Act of 1986, focusing on: (1) the progress that 12 federal agencies and 25 of their laboratories made in implementing the act; (2) agencies' delegations of authority to laboratories to enter into cooperative research and development agreements; (3) the incentives provided to government employees to p...
Biotechnology: Backlog of Patent Applications
RCED-89-120BR: Published: Apr 12, 1989. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the Patent and Trademark Office's (PTO) backlog of unprocessed biotechnology patent applications, focusing on: (1) PTO efforts to streamline the backlog; (2) the level of technical scrutiny required for biotechnology applications compared to other applications; (3) PTO ability to attract and retain qualified examiners; (4) the waiting period for...
Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs
RCED-89-39: Published: Jan 23, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative mandate, GAO examined the: (1) effectiveness of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program in strengthening the role of small innovative firms in federally supported research and development; and (2) quality of SBIR projects, as compared to the quality of traditional agency research.GAO found that 1982 legislation required federal agencies with large research a...
Technology Transfer: U.S. and Foreign Participation in R&D at Federal Laboratories
RCED-88-203BR: Published: Aug 15, 1988. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed: (1) the extent of U.S. and foreign researchers' participation in federal research and development laboratories; (2) federal laboratories' policies regarding foreign access to research and development; (3) reciprocity between federal laboratory researchers and foreign researchers; and (4) the implications of these issues for U.S. policy on foreign...
Technology Transfer: Constraints Perceived by Federal Laboratory and Agency Officials
RCED-88-116BR: Published: Mar 4, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding constraints on technology transfer from federal laboratories to U.S. businesses.GAO found that federal laboratory officials perceived major constraints to such technology transfer, including: (1) lack of business incentives to develop and market publicly disseminated federal computer software; (2) competitors' access to collab...
Federal Research: Small Business Involvement in Federal Research and Development
RCED-88-90BR: Published: Feb 2, 1988. Publicly Released: Feb 2, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the role of small businesses in the federal government's technology transfer and research and development programs, focusing on: (1) large federal research and development laboratories' implementation of technology transfer plans for small businesses; (2) whether two large federally funded efforts excluded small business participatio...
Support for Development of Electronics and Materials Technologies by the Governments of the United States, Japan, West Germany, France, and the United Kingdom
RCED-85-63: Published: Sep 9, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) government policies and programs in the United States, Japan, West Germany, France, and the United Kingdom that contribute to the development of electronic and material technologies; (2) how much research and development (R&D) the U.S. has funded; and (3) each country's overall investment in and organization to support R&D.GAO found that: (1)...