Technology transfer (11 - 20 of 116 items)
Wood Utilization: Federal Research and Product Development Activities, Support, and Technology Transfer
GAO-06-624: Published: Jun 15, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2006.
More wood is consumed every year in the United States than all metals, plastics, and masonry cement combined. To maximize their use of wood, forest product companies rely on research into new methods for using wood. At least 12 federal agencies have provided support to wood utilization research and product development activities, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service and Co...
Joint Strike Fighter: Management of the Technology Transfer Process
GAO-06-364: Published: Mar 14, 2006. Publicly Released: Mar 14, 2006.
The Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program is the Department of Defense's (DOD) largest international cooperative effort to develop and produce a major weapon system. Due to the breadth of international participation, the number of export authorizations needed to share information with partner governments, solicit bids from suppliers, and execute contracts is expected to far exceed past transfers of a...
Technology Transfer: Agencies' Rights to Federally Sponsored Biomedical Inventions
GAO-03-536: Published: Jul 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2003.
The Bayh-Dole Act gives federal contractors, grantees, and cooperative agreement funding recipients the option to retain ownership rights to inventions they create as part of a federally sponsored research project and profit from commercializing them. The act also protects the government's interests, in part by requiring that federal agencies and their authorized funding recipients retain a licens...
Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol
GAO-03-829: Published: Jun 4, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2003.
The transfer of technology from government-funded medical research laboratories to the private sector aims to have new pharmaceuticals brought to market more efficiently than would be possible for a federal agency acting alone. Much of the pharmaceutical-related technology transfer originates with research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). GAO was asked to examine the legal and fi...
Intellectual Property: Federal Agency Efforts in Transferring and Reporting New Technology
GAO-03-47: Published: Oct 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2002.
The federal government is a primary sponsor of research conducted in the United States, expending during fiscal year 2001 $19.4 billion for research performed by federal employees and $62.2 billion for research conducted under contracts and grants. Some of this research leads to the development of technology that can be patented, licensed, and made available to the public through the introduction...
Technology Transfer: NNSA Did Not Implement the Technology Infrastructure Pilot Program
GAO-02-708R: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
The Department of Energy is required to establish a technology infrastructure pilot program to improve technology partnership activities. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), in April 2002, reported that it was unable to implement the technology infrastructure pilot program in fiscal year 2001, because of other programming priorities. NNSA also said that it did not have any immedia...
Technology Transfer: Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE's Laboratories
GAO-02-465: Published: Apr 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2002.
Since 1980 Congress has passed laws to facilitate the transfer of technology from federal laboratories to U.S. businesses. In particular, the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 authorized federal laboratories operated by contractors, including the Department of Energy's (DOE) national laboratories, to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA). Under a...
Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations
GAO-02-529R: Published: Apr 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2002.
This report reviews cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) at the Army Research Laboratory and the Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases to determine whether the laboratories complied with export control laws. GAO found that the Army needs to clarify its guidance on technology transfers to ensure compliance with U.S. export control laws during the management revie...
Technology Transfer: DOE Has Fewer Partnerships, and They Rely More on Private Funding
GAO-01-568: Published: Jul 6, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2001.
Congress enacted the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act to encourage federal laboratories operated by contractors to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADA) with businesses, universities, and other private partners. This act was designed to improve the United States' competitive position in the world economy by facilitating the transfer of technology from f...
Federal Research and Development: Contributions to and Results of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program
GAO-01-867T: Published: Jun 21, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2001.
Research and Development (R&D) is vital to the long-term health of industry and the national economy. To join the ideas and resources of the research institutions--universities and colleges, federal laboratories, and nonprofit research centers--with the commercialization experience of small businesses, Congress authorized the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Pilot Program in 1992 and reau...