Technological innovations (1 - 10 of 12 items)
Small Business Innovation Research: DOD's Program Has Developed Some Technologies that Support Military Users, but Lacks Comprehensive Data on Transition Outcomes
GAO-14-748T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
Transitioning technologies from defense research and technology development programs, such as through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, to military users has been a long-standing challenge for the Department of Defense (DOD). Over the past decade, Congress and DOD have taken several steps to address transition challenges in DOD's SBIR program. For example, the military departm...
Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements
GAO-14-567T: Published: Apr 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2014.
Using data agencies had reported to the Small Business Administration (SBA), GAO found in its 2013 report that 8 of the 11 agencies participating in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and 4 of the 5 agencies participating in the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program did not consistently comply with spending requirements for fiscal years 2006 to 2011. SBA, which overs...
Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation
GAO-11-698: Published: Aug 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2011.
Federal agencies with a budget of at least $100 million for research and development (R&D) conducted by others must participate in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR has four purposes: meet federal R&D needs; stimulate technological innovation; increase commercialization (e.g., sales) of innovations based on federal R&D; and encourage participation in innovation by small b...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-11-21: Published: Nov 10, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2010.
To be competitive in the global economy, the United States relies heavily on innovation through research and development (R&D). The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program to stimulate technological innovation among small businesses. SBIR offers one avenue for introducing technological innovation in the Department of Defen...
Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies' Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts
GAO-09-956T: Published: Aug 6, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 2009.
The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research program (SBIR) to stimulate technological innovation, use small businesses to meet federal research and development (R&D) needs, foster and encourage participation by minority and disadvantaged persons in technological innovation, and increase private sector commercialization of innovations der...
Federal Research: Evaluation of Small Business Innovation Research Can Be Strengthened
RCED-99-114: Published: Jun 4, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, focusing on: (1) the distribution of awards by company and geographic area, with special emphasis on the share of awards received by the 25 most frequent winners; (2) the extent to which federal agencies are considering commercial potential and the program's other goals in making...
Federal Research: The Small Business Technology Transfer Program
T-RCED-97-157: Published: May 22, 1997. Publicly Released: May 22, 1997.
GAO discussed its review of the first-year implementation of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Pilot Program.GAO noted that: (1) federal agencies rated the quality and commercial potential of STTR research proposals favorably in the first year of the program; (2) technical experts generally concluded that the proposals called for high-quality research; (3) as one example, the Departmen...
Federal Research: Interim Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research and Technology Transfer Programs
T-RCED-96-93: Published: Mar 6, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 1996.
GAO discussed the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Pilot Program. GAO noted that: (1) the quality of winning SBIR and STTR proposals appears to be good, but it is too early to assess the programs' actual results; (2) the increase in available SBIR funding did not appear to affect the program, since the competition for SBIR funding...
Federal Research: Interim Report on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
RCED-95-59: Published: Mar 8, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1995.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, focusing on: (1) whether the quality of research proposals has kept pace with the program's expansion; (2) the implementation of a provision for technical assistance to agencies; and (3) the duplicate funding of similar research projects.GAO found that: (1) the quality of research proposals h...
Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success But Can Be Strengthened
T-RCED-92-32: Published: Feb 26, 1992. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1992.
GAO discussed the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, focusing on products' commercial trends in Phase III of the program, which involves the use of non-federal funds for commercial application of the technology or follow-on non-SBIR government contracts for government application. GAO noted that: (1) about half of the SBIR projects are of about the same quality as other federal res...