Small business (51 - 60 of 60 items)
Implementing the Small Business Innovation Development Act--The First 2 Years
RCED-86-13: Published: Oct 25, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 1985.
GAO reported on the implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act, including the extent to which: (1) agencies established, funded, and provided accurate information on small business innovation research (SBIR) activities; and (2) the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) carried out program coordination, monitoring, and congre...
Major Federal Research and Development Agencies Are Implementing the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980
RCED-84-26: Published: Feb 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1984.
GAO reported on activities of Federal agencies under Chapter 18 of the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980, as required by law.Chapter 18 of the law establishes a uniform patent policy for assigning title to inventions made by small businesses and nonprofit organizations under federally sponsored research projects. Specifically, GAO reviewed: (1) Federal research and development (R&D) agencies...
NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California
AFMD-83-40: Published: Jun 9, 1983. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Ames Research Center contract that was awarded for computational services. The contract was noncompetitively awarded to the Small Business Administration (SBA) which then subcontracted to Technology Development of California (TDC) under the Minority Business Program.GAO found that the co...
Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies
PAD-82-32: Published: May 20, 1982. Publicly Released: May 20, 1982.
As required by the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980, GAO reviewed the actions taken by Federal agencies to implement the Act's guidelines which establish a uniform policy for assigning titles to inventions by small businesses or nonprofit contractors during Government-sponsored research. Under the provisions of the Act, GAO is responsible for monitoring how well the guidelines are being ena...
H.R. 4326: Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1981
117344: Jan 26, 1982
Comments were given on currently proposed legislation which would increase the use of small businesses in meeting Federal research and development needs by creating individual, agency-sponsored, small business innovation research programs (SBIR's) designed to foster innovation by small businesses. The contribution of small businesses to invention and innovation in this country has been significant...
Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process
PAD-82-19: Published: Dec 31, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1981.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed nine studies of the sources and contributions of small business invention and innovation. The studies were classified into three categories: studies that examine the relationship of firm size to invention and innovation; empirical studies of other aspects of invention and innovation; and reports that integrate the work of others.Because the scope a...
Comments on S. 881 and GAO Report on Small-Business Innovation Initiatives
115776: Jul 15, 1981
Comments were presented on a GAO report on small business innovation and S. 881. The study of small business innovation addresses the conditions that GAO found necessary for small-business innovation to flourish. It is clear from the analysis that small businesses are important contributors to the innovation process in the United States. The GAO objective was to construct a comprehensive picture o...
Consistent Criteria Are Needed To Assess Small-Business Innovation Initiatives
PAD-81-15: Published: Jul 7, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 1981.
The small-business community has voiced concern that the ability of small businesses to be active in innovation is inhibited by a number of federal policies. Congress has responded with legislation that addresses both the question of declining industrial innovation and the issue of the ability of small businesses to be innovative. GAO developed a comprehensive picture of small-business innovation...
Small Businesses and Innovation, Small Business Research Conference
114641: Mar 5, 1981
There is growing concern that the rate of innovation in industry is declining. This decline is of concern because of the belief that there is a strong relationship between innovation and economic and social well-being. Small businesses are a particular focus of attention in light of this concern because they are believed to be a major source of innovation. An ongoing project was initiated by GAO f...
National Science Foundation's Actions on Recommendations of GAO Report "Opportunities for Improved Management of the Research Applied to National Needs (RANN) Program"
HRD-77-54: Published: Mar 15, 1977. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1977.
In March 1971 the National Science Foundation (NSF) consolidated most of its problem-oriented research into a single program called the Research Applied to National Needs (RANN) program. The program focused on NSF research activities on selected environmental and social problems and opportunities for future technological development to help solve major national problems. A 1975 report identified t...