Science and technology (1 - 10 of 60 items)
Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development
GAO-14-865T: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) did not know the total amount its components had invested in research and development (R&D) and did not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science and Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and Coast Guard...
Biosurveillance: Observations on the Cancellation of BioWatch Gen-3 and Future Considerations for the Program
GAO-14-267T: Published: Jun 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2014.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) approved the Office of Health Affairs (OHA) acquisition of a next generation biosurveillance technology (Gen-3) in October 2009 without fully following its acquisition processes. For example, the analysis of alternatives (AoA) prepared for the Gen-3 acquisition did not fully explore costs or consider benefits and risk i...
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Assessing the Relationship between Education and the Workforce
GAO-14-374: Published: May 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2014.
Both the number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees awarded and the number of jobs in STEM fields increased in recent years. The number of degrees awarded in STEM fields grew 55 percent from 1.35 million in the 2002-2003 academic year to over 2 million in the 2011-2012 academic year, while degrees awarded in non-STEM fields increased 37 percent. Since 2004, the numb...
COMPETES Reauthorization Act: Federal Loan Guarantees for Innovative Technologies in Manufacturing
GAO-13-717R: Published: Jul 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2013.
Officials with the Department of Commerce's Economic Development Administration (EDA) said that the agency has taken preliminary steps to execute the Federal Loan Guarantees for Innovative Technologies in Manufacturing program but, as of June 2013, had not issued any loan guarantees under this program. According to officials, EDA has taken some steps to execute the program, such as establishing a...
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs
GAO-13-529T: Published: Apr 10, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2013.
In fiscal year 2010, 13 federal agencies invested over $3 billion in 209 programs designed to increase knowledge of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields and attainment of STEM degrees. The number of programs within agencies ranged from 3 to 46, with the Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation administering more t...
Defense Technology Development: Technology Transition Programs Support Military Users, but Opportunities Exist to Improve Measurement of Outcomes
GAO-13-286: Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.
GAO identified 20 technology transition programs--managed by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and the military departments--that provide structured mechanisms and funding to facilitate technology transition. All of the programs GAO reviewed are consistent in providing opportunities to transition technologies from the science and technology (S&T) environment to a user, such as a weapon...
Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research
GAO-12-427: Published: May 21, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2012.
From fiscal years 2006 to 2010, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) reported more than a doubling of National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) member agencies funding for nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety (EHS) researchfrom approximately $38 million to $90 million. Reported EHS research funding also rose as a percentage of total nanotechnology funding...
The Department of Energy's Office of Science Uses a Multilayered Process for Prioritizing Research
GAO-12-410R: Published: Feb 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2012.
Science establishes research priorities within and across its six core interdisciplinary research programs, which include a wide variety of research ranging from biology to particle physics. However, Science does not explicitly rank these programs in terms of priority. The office currently prioritizes research that aligns with the Secretary of Energys interest in fostering the development of...
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies
GAO-12-108: Published: Jan 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2012.
In fiscal year 2010, 13 federal agencies invested over $3 billion in 209 programs designed to increase knowledge of STEM fields and attainment of STEM degrees. The number of programs within agencies ranged from 3 to 46, with the Departments of Health and Human Services and Energy and the National Science Foundation administering more than half of these programs. Almost a third of the programs had...
Office of Science and Technology Policy: Violation of the Antideficiency Act
GAO-12-200T: Published: Nov 2, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 2, 2011.
This testimony discusses our October 11 opinion concerning the Office of Science and Technology Policy's (OSTP) use of appropriations for bilateral activities with the government of the People's Republic of China.In the opinion, we determined that OSTP violated a statutory provision prohibiting the agency from using its appropriations for bilateral engagements with China or any Chinese-owned compa...