Research and development (41 - 50 of 60 items)
Federal Research: Interim Report on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
RCED-95-59: Published: Mar 8, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1995.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, focusing on: (1) whether the quality of research proposals has kept pace with the program's expansion; (2) the implementation of a provision for technical assistance to agencies; and (3) the duplicate funding of similar research projects.GAO found that: (1) the quality of research proposals h...
National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development?
PEMD-95-2: Published: Nov 25, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Energy's national laboratories are engaged in basic and applied research or in research related to commercial product development.GAO found that: (1) the laboratories devoted more than half of their research and development (R&D) funds to commercial product development during fiscal year (FY) 1992; (2) most of the...
Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors' Discretionary R&D Funds
T-RCED-91-25: Published: Mar 19, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1991.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management oversight of three multiprogram laboratories' discretionary research and development (R&D) activities. GAO noted that DOE: (1) had specific authority to approve laboratories' reasonable use of funds for discretionary R&D activities; (2) guidance was not clear enough to ensure that laboratories used discretionary R&D funds appropriately; (3)...
Small Business: Proposed Amendments to the Small Business Innovation Research Program
RCED-89-173: Published: Jun 30, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed four proposed amendments to the Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) that would: (1) gradually increase the SBIR formula from 1.25 percent of agency external research and development funds to 3 percent; (2) make SBIR permanent with a formal congressional review every 10 years; (3) allocate a share of SBIR funds for administrative pur...
Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs
RCED-89-39: Published: Jan 23, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative mandate, GAO examined the: (1) effectiveness of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program in strengthening the role of small innovative firms in federally supported research and development; and (2) quality of SBIR projects, as compared to the quality of traditional agency research.GAO found that 1982 legislation required federal agencies with large research a...
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Proposed Withdrawal From Participation in the Small Business Innovation Research Program
T-RCED-88-21: Published: Mar 1, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1988.
GAO discussed the legality of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) proposed withdrawal from participation in the Small Business Innovation Research Program. GAO found that: (1) NRC stated that its projected extramural research and development (R&D) budget for fiscal years 1988 and 1989 was less than the required $100 million; (2) NRC had not received any R&D supplemental appropriations for th...
Federal Research: Effectiveness of Small Business Innovation Research Program Procedures
RCED-87-63: Published: Jun 2, 1987. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1987.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reported on federal agencies' implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982, focusing on: (1) whether agencies' small business innovation research (SBIR) procedures provided for award selection based on merit; (2) how much time agencies were taking to award SBIR contracts and grants; and (3) whether agencies were implementing pro...
University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures
130998: Sep 16, 1986
GAO discussed its report on university finances for the period 1975 to 1984, focusing on: (1) revenues and expenditures for operations and physical plant support; (2) revenues for research and development; (3) indirect costs for research and development; and (4) academic executives' perceptions on their research capabilities under alternative levels of federal funding. GAO found that: (1) universi...
Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research
129326: Mar 12, 1986
Testimony was given concerning the use of federal funding mechanisms to support university research. GAO found that: (1) the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation provide over three-fourths of the total funds obligated for scientific research; (2) in fiscal year (FY) 1984, six federal agencies awarded 89 percent of their research funds through individual project awards,...