Research and development (31 - 40 of 60 items)
Federal Research: DOE Is Providing Independent Review of the Scientific Merit of Its Research
RCED-00-109: Published: Apr 25, 2000. Publicly Released: May 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Energy's (DOE) merit review practices, focusing on: (1) what procedures DOE has established for performing merit reviews; and (2) whether DOE could document that it has followed the merit review procedures it has established.GAO noted that: (1) both the Office of Basic Energy Sciences and the Office of Power Technol...
Federal Research: Information on International Science and Technology Agreements
RCED-99-108: Published: Apr 22, 1999. Publicly Released: May 26, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the U.S. government's international science and technology (S&T) agreements that support and encourage international cooperation in research and development, focusing on the: (1) number of international S&T agreements active during fiscal year (FY) 1997; and (2) number of these agreements that resulted in research projects or other a...
Federal Research: Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary
RCED-99-99: Published: Mar 17, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied the peer review and other quality assurance processes that federal agencies use in conducting scientific research and development, focusing on: (1) defining what is meant by peer review; (2) describing the federal government's peer review policy; (3) describing the peer review practices of 12 federal agencies that conduct scientific research; (4) de...
Federal Research: Challenges to Implementing the Advanced Technology Program
RCED/OCE-98-83R: Published: Mar 2, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) administration of the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) under recently revised regulations.GAO noted that: (1) the ATP program's recently revised regulations appear to be more closely tied to addressing the underlying economics of market failure than they have been in the past; (2) for...
Federal Research: The Small Business Technology Transfer Program
T-RCED-97-157: Published: May 22, 1997. Publicly Released: May 22, 1997.
GAO discussed its review of the first-year implementation of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Pilot Program.GAO noted that: (1) federal agencies rated the quality and commercial potential of STTR research proposals favorably in the first year of the program; (2) technical experts generally concluded that the proposals called for high-quality research; (3) as one example, the Departmen...
Measuring Performance: Challenges in Evaluating Research and Development
T-RCED-97-130: Published: Apr 10, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 1997.
GAO discussed its work related to the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Advanced Technology Program (ATP), Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Program, and research and development (R&D) performance measures.GAO noted: (1) ATP has funded research projects that would have been funded by the private sector as well as those that would not; (2) the award recipients were nearly eve...
Measuring Performance: The Advanced Technology Program and Private-Sector Funding
RCED-96-47: Published: Jan 11, 1996. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the impact of the Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on whether: (1) research projects would have been funded by the private sector if they had not received ATP funding; and (2) ATP aids in the formation of joint ventures.GAO found that, based on a survey of 123 ATP applicants that submitted highly rated bids between 1990 and 1993: (1) 89...
Defense Research and Development: Fiscal Year 1993 Trustee and Adviser Costs at Federally Funded Centers
NSIAD-96-27: Published: Dec 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the stipends and expenses of the boards of trustees and other management advisory personnel who served in fiscal year 1993 at the Department of Defense's (DOD) Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDC), focusing on: (1) the extent to which FFRDC used federal funds to pay those costs; (2) the range of and highest daily...
Performance Measurement: Efforts to Evaluate the Advanced Technology Program
RCED-95-68: Published: May 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) its short-term results; and (2) NIST future plans for evaluating ATP.GAO found that as a result of ATP: (1) total U.S. research on advanced technologies for printed wiring boards has quadrupled; (2) participants have pursued research that...
Federal Research: Interim Report on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
T-RCED-95-154: Published: Apr 6, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 6, 1995.
GAO discussed its review of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. GAO noted that: (1) the quality of research proposals to date appear to have kept pace with the program's expansion; (2) it is too early to judge the long-term quality of research proposals because major increases in program funding have not yet occurred; (3) agencies providing SBIR funding have not implemented the...