Program evaluation (1 - 10 of 15 items)
Nuclear Nonproliferation: Better Information Needed on Results of National Nuclear Security Administration's Research and Technology Development Projects
GAO-17-210: Published: Feb 3, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2017.
The full extent to which research and technology development projects managed by two programs in the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (DNN) have resulted in advanced (progressed technologies or science supporting them), transitioned (provided to users for further development or deployment), or deployed (used in the field) technologies is...
Department of Homeland Security: Opportunities Exist to Better Evaluate and Coordinate Border and Maritime Research and Development
GAO-13-732: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2013.
Between fiscal years 2010 and 2012, the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) border and maritime research and development (R&D) components reported producing 97 R&D deliverables at an estimated cost of $177 million. The type of border and maritime R&D deliverables produced by DHS's Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate, the Coast Guard, and the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) varied...
DHS Research and Development: Science and Technology Directorate's Test and Evaluation and Reorganization Efforts
GAO-12-239T: Published: Nov 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2011.
This testimony discusses our prior work examining the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and Research and Development (R&D) efforts. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 created DHS and, within it, established S&T with the responsibility for conducting national research, development, test and evaluation (T&E) of technology and systems for, among other thi...
Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation
GAO-11-698: Published: Aug 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2011.
Federal agencies with a budget of at least $100 million for research and development (R&D) conducted by others must participate in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR has four purposes: meet federal R&D needs; stimulate technological innovation; increase commercialization (e.g., sales) of innovations based on federal R&D; and encourage participation in innovation by small b...
Forest Service Research and Development: Improvements in Delivery of Research Results Can Help Ensure That Benefits of Research Are Realized
GAO-11-12: Published: Oct 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2010.
In recent decades, managing the nation's public and private forests and rangelands has become increasingly complex, requiring a sound understanding of science and science-based tools to address these complexities. The Department of Agriculture's Forest Service maintains a research and development program (FS R&D) to help provide scientific information and tools. GAO was asked to examine (1) the sc...
Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies' Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts
GAO-09-956T: Published: Aug 6, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 2009.
The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research program (SBIR) to stimulate technological innovation, use small businesses to meet federal research and development (R&D) needs, foster and encourage participation by minority and disadvantaged persons in technological innovation, and increase private sector commercialization of innovations der...
Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research
GAO-09-186: Published: Dec 29, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2009.
Although competitive oil and natural gas markets generally provide incentives for companies to invest in research and development (R&D), some industry experts believe these companies may underinvest in certain areas. A recent GAO report noted important criteria for the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider in evaluating its oil and natural gas R&D efforts--including the likelihood that industry w...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-05-861T: Published: Jun 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2005.
Since it was established in 1982, GAO has consistently reported on the success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in benefiting small, innovative companies, strengthening their role in federal research and development (R&D), and helping federal agencies achieve their R&D goals. However, through these reviews GAO has also identified areas where action by participating agencies...
Defense Technology Development: Management Process Can Be Strengthened for New Technology Transition Programs
GAO-05-480: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and Congress both recognize that Defense technology innovations sometimes move too slowly from the lab to the field. Three new programs have been recently created in DOD to help speed and enhance the transition of new technologies. A report accompanying the fiscal year 2003 National Defense Authorization Act required GAO to review two of these programs--the Technolo...
Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Are Likely to Limit Identification of Similar Research
GAO-05-759T: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) supports research that accelerates the development of high-risk technologies with the potential for broad-based economic benefits for the nation. Under the program, administrators at the National Institute of Standards and Technology are to ensure that they do not fund research that would be conducted in the same period without ATP funding. Between 1990 and Se...